Nesta terça-feira (15/03), o Parlamento do Mianmar elegeu Htin Kyaw como presidente do país, o primeiro civil não designado pelas Forças Armadas desde 1962. O novo líder integra a Liga Nacional para a Democracia (NLD), é aliado de Aung San Suu Kyi e será empossado no primeiro dia de abril. Nas eleições, o novo chefe de Estado superou Henry Van Thio -também membro da NLD- e o tenente-general Mying Swe, que assumirão como vice-presidentes.
China invests in south-east Asia for trade, food, energy and resources
The Guardiam/ By Kate Hodal – 22/03/2012
Beijing’s growing stake in Asean, the region’s economic bloc, part of a calculated bid for greater military and political influence.
In 2015, south-east Asia will become one sprawling economic zone encompassing Burma, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, the Philippines and Brunei. (mais…)
Myanmar gov’t inks deals with ethnic armed group to bolster peace
Xinhua News / Mu Xuequan – 10/10/2011
YANGON, Oct. 10 (Xinhua) — The Myanmar central government has signed agreements with the ethnic armed group that represents Mongla Special Region-4 for the first time,the state radio and television reported Monday.
The discussion was held between Mongla Special Region-4 and the central government in Kyaing Tong in Eastern Shan state, On Sunday.
After the talk, the central government and Mongla Special Region-4 signed the agreements which include reopening the offices of education, health and communication from both sides, cooperating with the government in drug elimination and promoting the development of border areas.
Shan State (East) Special Region-4 (Mongla) was the area where the National Democratic Alliance Army (NDAA) was resettled in June 1989. (mais…)
New’ Myanmar, old challenges
Asia Times Online/ Por Ashley South – 18/06/2011
The political situation in Myanmar (Burma) is often understood in terms of conflict between pro-democracy forces (Aung San Suu Kyi and allies) and the military government. This is problematic for two reasons.
First, following elections in November last year, Myanmar is best characterized as a mixed-authoritarian regime, rather than a military dictatorship. Second, in addition to the “democracy issue”, politics in Myanmar is shaped by historically rooted conflicts between a state associated with the Burman majority and the aspirations for self-determination of ethnic communities, who make up about 30% of the population. Thus, the repeated demands for tripartite dialogue – between the government, the democracy movement and ethnic nationality communities.
Following the formation of new administration in 2011, governance structures in Myanmar are more complex than before. The executive and two national-level assemblies are dominated by the Union Solidarity Development Party that engineered victory in the elections. (mais…)
China outward bound through Myanmar
Asia Times – 08/01/2011 – By Brian McCartan
CHIANG MAI – Myanmar is set to become an important regional rail hub connecting China and India with markets in Southeast Asia and beyond should proposed spending plans come to fruition. As with many infrastructure developments across the region, Beijing is the driving force behind the ambitious designs.
China plans to construct several routes linking its remote southwestern region with ports in Myanmar and on to Southeast and South Asia. In particular, a major rail line is planned to connect Kunming with a new deep-sea port and special industrial economic zone under construction at Kyaukpyu on Myanmar’s western coast.
Plans for the route were first announced in the Myanmar Weekly Eleven News magazine on October 16 and is expected to be finished in 2015. China is also involved in developing the port and the industrial zone, both of which are part of its plan to develop a trade outlet for its land-locked southwestern region and an oil and gas transshipment point connected to oil and gas pipelines already under construction. (mais…)
US seeks “engagement” with Burmese junta after Suu Kyi’s release
WSWS – By Sarath Kumara – 18 November 2010
Following the release of the Burmese opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi, Washington has indicated its readiness for “engagement” with the military junta in Burma (or Myanmar). For all its claims to be seeking to promote democracy and human rights, the Obama administration has quickly mooted talks with the regime and welcomed conciliatory comments by Suu Kyi toward the military generals.
Immediately after her release, Suu Kyi expressed her willingness to talk with the junta and its leader General Than Shwe about “national reconciliation”. She reiterated this message in an interview on Monday with the BBC, saying she sought “a non-violent revolution” and to work with the generals. “I don’t want to see the military falling. I want to see the military rising to dignified heights of professionalism and true patriotism,” she said. (mais…)