eleição

A eleição de Kaboré em Burkina Faso


Daniel Eizenga analisa em artigo publicado no jornal The Washington Post (06/12) a situação política de Burkina Faso após a eleição de Roch Marc Christian Kaboré para presidente do país. A ascensão de Kaboré deve representar uma mudança em relação aos últimos 18 meses, que foram marcados por protestos contra o governo anterior e uma tentativa de golpe. O partido de Kaboré, o MPP, não conseguiu a maioria do Parlamento e deve buscar uma coalizão, e ainda enfrentará uma forte oposição.

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Foto: Issouf Sanogo / AFP.

Anúncios

RCA cancela eleições devido à onda de violência


A República Centro-Africana e a ONU anunciaram na última quinta-feira (01/10) que, com novos conflitos entre cristãos e muçulmanos no país, as eleições previstas para 18 de outubro tiveram de ser canceladas temporariamente. A presidente Catherine Samba-Panza, líder do governo de transição, criticou na última Assembleia Geral da ONU o embargo de armas, que impede o país de impor autoridade sobre seu território, e defendeu uma maior autoridade das forças de manutenção de paz da ONU no país.

Fonte: UOL.

Mapa: UOL.

Eleições no norte do Chipre dão novas esperanças à reunificação


Últimas eleições na região norte do Chipre, de influência turca, que apontaram a vitória de Mustafa Akinci, candidato de centro-esquerda moderado, tem dado esperança a novas negociações para a reunificação da atualmente dividida ilha do Mar Mediterrâneo. As propostas de reunificação das regiões turca e grega da ilha contaram com várias propostas nos últimos anos, embora as últimas negociações tenham ocorrido em outubro, quando a Turquia enviou um navio para a exploração de gás em torno da ilha.

Foto: The Economist.

Mapa: The Economist.

Muhammadu Buhari é eleito presidente da Nigéria


O ex-ditador militar nigeriano Muhammadu Buhari foi eleito presidente da Nigéria com mais de 2,5 milhões de votos de diferença para o atual presidente Goodluck Jonathan. Jonathan já telefonou Buhari para congratulá-lo pela vitória, e este já elogiou a postura do incumbente pela transição pacífica de poder — a primeira vez na história da Nigéria em que a oposição derrota um presidente ainda no cargo.

Foto: Akintunde Akinleye / Reuters.

Ex-ditador, hoje na oposição, lidera eleições presidenciais na Nigéria


O ex-ditador militar nigeriano Muhammadu Buhari tomou a dianteira nas eleições nigerianas frente ao atual presidente Goodluck Jonathan. Caso Buhari ganhe, será a primeira vez que um partido de oposição tomará o poder na história democrática da Nigéria. Com os votos contados em mais de dois terços dos Estados, Buhari está até agora com um milhão de votos na frente de Jonathan. Buhari ganhou a eleição em Lagos, capital econômica da Nigéria, na eleição mais disputada já realizada no país.

Foto: Samuel Aranda / The New York Times

Foto: Samuel Aranda / The New York Times

Europa: quando o impensável se torna possível


A crise econômica europeia está erodindo os sistemas políticos de muitos países da União Europeia (UE). Cada vez mais, partidos de protesto e/ou de extrema direita ganham mais voz em detrimendo de forças tradicionais e moderadas. Alguns já cogitam e clamam pelo fim da UE.

Comemoração do partido de extrema direita. Foto: Efe.

Comemoração do partido de extrema direita da Suécia. Foto: Efe.

(mais…)

Assertivo ou não, o próximo Secretário-Geral da ONU terá de lidar com muitos problemas


Richard Gowan analisa o mandato do atual Secretário-Geral das Nações Unidas (SG), Ban Ki-moon, e diz que Ban, apesar de não entrar pra história como o mais assertivo dos SGs, procurou implementar medidas audaciosas de longo prazo. O autor também discute a escolha do próximo SG e afirma que é improvável que vença um candidato ativista e que, mesmo que isso ocorra, os desafios seriam imensos devido à multipolaridade crescente.

Foto: Eskinder Debebe / ONU.

Foto: Eskinder Debebe / ONU.

(mais…)

Entenda a proposta de Dilma para a reforma política


A presidenta Dilma Rousseff, que havia sugerido plebiscito para a reforma política, já admite referendo como forma de consulta popular. Conheça os temas que podem ser alvo da reforma, como o financiamento de campanha.

Foto: Ueslei Marcelino / Reuters

Foto: Ueslei Marcelino / Reuters

(mais…)

Dilma afirma que consulta popular é necessária para reforma política


Dilma Rousseff afirmou ontem em entrevista que “todos defendem consulta popular” e “não interessa muito se é referendo ou plebiscito”, admitindo que não está definido que tipo de participação popular haverá na reforma política. A presidenta afirmou também que está aberta ao diálogo com os principais adversários da corrida presidencial, Marina Silva e Aécio Neves, para tratar da reforma política.

Foto: Ueslei Marcelino / Reuters

Foto: Ueslei Marcelino / Reuters

(mais…)

Foi um voto de confiança, por Delfim Netto


Antonio Delfim Netto, ex-Ministro da Fazenda, Agricultura e Planejamento e um dos economistas mais influentes do país, escreveu artigo ontem para o Valor Econômico no qual analisa o resultado eleitoral e os desafios para a economia brasileira no segundo mandato de Dilma Rousseff.

Foto: Ichiro Guerra / Divulgação.

Foto: Ichiro Guerra / Divulgação.

(mais…)

Temer diz que reforma política terá amplo debate com o Congresso e a sociedade


O vice-presidente Michel Temer afirmou que o projeto de Reforma Política deverá ser objeto de um amplo debate entre Congresso e sociedade. A presidenta Dilma Rousseff disse, em seu discurso da vitória, que um plebiscito era necessário. O Presidente do Senado, Renan Calheiros, já afirmou que prefere um referendo.

Foto: Antonio Cruz / Agência Brasil

Foto: Antonio Cruz / Agência Brasil

(mais…)

Aécio e Dilma pedem união após eleição


A presidente reeleita Dilma Rousseff (PT) e o candidato derrotado Aécio Neves (PSDB) defenderam a união do país após as eleições presidenciais mais acirradas da nova república. Dilma afirmou que o Brasil não está dividido e se declarou “aberta ao diálogo” em discurso da vitória neste domingo (26/10). Já Aécio afirmou que a união do país deve ser a maior prioridade do próximo governo.

Foto: Eduardo Knapp / Folhapress

Foto: Eduardo Knapp / Folhapress

(mais…)

Dilma Rousseff é reeleita


A Presidente Dilma Rousseff foi reeleita para o cargo na eleição geral ocorrida neste domingo (26/10), conquistando um segundo mandato de quatro anos para governar o Brasil. Dilma, do Partido dos Trabalhadores, obteve cerca de 51,6% dos votos e o candidato da oposição, Aécio Neves, cerca de 48%.

Foto: Ichiro Guerra / Divulgação.

Foto: Ichiro Guerra / Divulgação.

(mais…)

Os projetos de Estado de Dilma e Aécio e a política externa do Brasil


Cristina Pecequilo analisa as propostas de política externa de Dilma Rousseff e Aécio Neves e argumenta que a escolha entre um dos dois candidatos é também uma decisão sobre qual papel o País deve exercer no mundo. Dilma representa continuidade de uma inserção internacional autônoma e Aécio uma inflexão em direção à despolitização da política externa brasileira.

Foto: Bruno Gomes Guimarães.

Foto: Bruno Gomes Guimarães.

(mais…)

Oposição de esquerda vence eleições na Suécia em meio a aumento de votos para extrema direita


Eleições legislativas na Suécia deram vitória à oposição de esquerda após oito anos de governo de Fredrik Reinfeldt, conservador. Contudo, a extrema direita também conseguiu um resultado expressivo, atingindo 13% dos votos. Desafio da oposição agora é governar sem maioria na câmara.

Comemoração do partido de extrema direita. Foto: Efe.

Comemoração do partido de extrema direita. Foto: Efe.

(mais…)

As tensões no nordeste da Ásia e as perspectivas eleitorais tornando os mares agitados


Asia poll prospects make for choppy seas

Ásia Times / By Yong Kwon – 27/09/2012

In the past few weeks, Western media outlets have remained largely focused on the outbreak of anger and violence in post-Arab Spring nations. These are, without a doubt, significant events; however, considering the overlapping interests of major powers and the concentration of military assets in Northeast Asia, protests in front of Japanese diplomatic missions in China may have greater consequences for the United States and the international community than those in Middle Eastern capitals. (mais…)

Energia nuclear deve dominar eleição geral japonesa


Oposição começou após desastre de Fukushima

Energia nuclear deve dominar eleição geral japonesa

Estadão.com.br – 03/08/2012

Reuters Tóquio – A crescente oposição japonesa à energia nuclear depois do desastre de Fukushima poderá ser decisiva numa eleição geral que muitos esperam que possa acontecer nos próximos meses e que provavelmente levará à queda do Partido Democrático do Japão, apenas três anos depois da sua avassaladora vitória eleitoral.  (mais…)

Clinton afirma que Putin é claro vencedor da eleição russa


Foto por: AFP PHOTO/ ALEXANDER NEMENOV

Clinton: Putin ‘clear winner’

Russia Today – 08/03/2012

US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton has acknowledged that Vladimir Putin is the “clear winner” of Russia’s presidential elections and expressed her readiness to work with the president-elect.

“The election had a clear winner and we are ready to work with President-elect Putin as he is sworn in and assumes the responsibilities of the presidency,” she told reporters during a meeting with the Polish foreign minister on Wednesday.

Clinton however voiced her concerns over “the arrests of peaceful protesters” that followed the March 4 vote and repeated Washington’s calls to investigate reported voting irregularities.

The Secretary of State said the US is going to be looking for ways to enhance cooperation on a range of difficult issues, such as the Syrian crisis and US missile defense in Europe.

“We continue to believe that Russia should join the international community and play a positive role in trying to end the bloodshed and help create the conditions for a peaceful democratic transition [in Syria],” said Clinton, who has been critical of Moscow’s stance on the Syrian crisis. (mais…)

A Doutrina Obama


Foto pot: Ethan Miller/Getty Images

The Obama Doctrine: How the president’s drone war is backfiring

Foreign Policy / DAVID ROHDE – Março/Abril, 2012

When Barack Obama took the oath of office three years ago, no one associated the phrase “targeted killing” with his optimistic young presidency. In his inaugural address, the 47-year-old former constitutional law professor uttered the word “terror” only once. Instead, he promised to use technology to “harness the sun and the winds and the soil to fuel our cars and run our factories.”

Oddly, technology has enabled Obama to become something few expected: a president who has dramatically expanded the executive branch’s ability to wage high-tech clandestine war. With a determination that has surprised many, Obama has embraced the CIA, expanded its powers, and approved more targeted killings than any modern president. Over the last three years, the Obama administration has carried out at least 239 covert drone strikes, more than five times the 44 approved under George W. Bush. And after promising to make counterterrorism operations more transparent and rein in executive power, Obama has arguably done the opposite, maintaining secrecy and expanding presidential authority.

Just as importantly, the administration’s excessive use of drone attacks undercuts one of its most laudable policies: a promising new post-9/11 approach to the use of lethal American force, one of multilateralism, transparency, and narrow focus.

Obama’s willingness to deploy lethal force should have come as no surprise. In a 2002 speech, Illinois state senator Obama opposed Bush’s impending invasion of Iraq, but not all conflicts. “I don’t oppose all wars,” he said. “What I am opposed to is a dumb war.” And as president, in his December 2009 Nobel Peace Prize acceptance speech, Obama warned, “There will be times when nations — acting individually or in concert — will find the use of force not only necessary but morally justified.” Since then, he has not only sent U.S. forces into Afghanistan, Iraq, and Libya, but also repeatedly approved commando raids in Pakistan and Somalia and on the high seas, while presiding over a system that unleashed hundreds of drone strikes.

In a series of recent interviews, current and former administration officials outlined what could be called an “Obama doctrine” on the use of force. Obama’s embrace of multilateralism, drone strikes, and a light U.S. military presence in Libya, Pakistan, and Yemen, they contend, has proved more effective than Bush’s go-heavy approach in Iraq and Afghanistan. “We will use force unilaterally if necessary against direct threats to the United States,” Ben Rhodes, the administration’s deputy national security advisor for strategic communications, told me. “And we’ll use force in a very precise way.”

Crises the administration deems indirect threats to the United States — such as the uprisings in Libya and Syria — are “threats to global security,” Rhodes argued, and will be responded to multilaterally and not necessarily by force. The drawdown of U.S. troops in Iraq and Afghanistan, as well as the creation of a smaller, more agile U.S. military spread across Asia, the Pacific, and the Middle East, are also part of the doctrine. So is the discreet backing of protesters in Egypt, Iran, and Syria.

The emerging strategy — which Rhodes touted as “a far more focused approach to our adversaries” — is a welcome shift from the martial policies and bellicose rhetoric of both the Bush administration and today’s Republican presidential candidates. But Obama has granted the CIA far too much leeway in carrying out drone strikes in Pakistan and Yemen. In both countries, the strikes often appear to be backfiring.

Obama and other administration officials insist the drones are used rarely and kill few civilians. In a rare public comment on the program, the president defended the strikes in late January. “I want to make sure the people understand, actually, drones have not caused a huge number of civilian casualties,” Obama said. “For the most part, they have been very precise precision strikes against al Qaeda and their affiliates. And we are very careful in terms of how it’s been applied.”

But from Pakistan to Yemen to post-American Iraq, drones often spark deep resentment where they operate. When they do attack, they kill as brutally as any weapon of war. The administration’s practice of classifying the strikes as secret only exacerbates local anger and suspicion. Under Obama, drone strikes have become too frequent, too unilateral, and too much associated with the heavy-handed use of American power.

In 2008, I saw this firsthand. Two Afghan colleagues and I were kidnapped by the Taliban and held captive in the tribal areas of Pakistan for seven months. From the ground, drones are terrifying weapons that can be heard circling overhead for hours at a time. They are a potent, unnerving symbol of unchecked American power. At the same time, they were clearly effective, killing foreign bomb-makers and preventing Taliban fighters from gathering in large groups. The experience left me convinced that drone strikes should be carried out — but very selectively.

In the January interview, Obama insisted drone strikes were used only surgically. “It is important for everybody to understand,” he said, “that this thing is kept on a very tight leash.”

Drones, though, are in no way surgical.

IN INTERVIEWS, CURRENT AND FORMER Obama administration officials told me the president and his senior aides had been eager from the outset to differentiate their approach in Pakistan and Afghanistan from Bush’s. Unlike in Iraq, where Democrats thought the Bush administration had been too aggressive, they thought the Bush White House had not been assertive enough with Afghan and Pakistani leaders. So the new administration adopted a unilateral, get-tough approach in South Asia that would eventually spread elsewhere. As candidate Obama vowed in a 2007 speech, referring to Pakistan’s president at the time, “If we have actionable intelligence about high-value terrorist targets and President Musharraf won’t act, we will.”

In his first year in office, Obama approved two large troop surges in Afghanistan and a vast expansion of the number of CIA operatives in Pakistan. The CIA was also given more leeway in carrying out drone strikes in the country’s ungoverned tribal areas, where foreign and local militants plot attacks for Afghanistan, Pakistan, and beyond.

The decision reflected both Obama’s belief in the need to move aggressively in Pakistan and the influence of the CIA in the new administration. To a far greater extent than the Bush White House, Obama and his top aides relied on the CIA for its analysis of Pakistan, according to current and former senior administration officials. As a result, preserving the agency’s ability to carry out counterterrorism, or “CT,” operations in Pakistan became of paramount importance.

“The most important thing when it came to Pakistan was to be able to carry out drone strikes and nothing else,” said a former official who spoke on condition of anonymity. “The so-called strategic focus of the bilateral relationship was there solely to serve the CT approach.”

Initially, the CIA was right. Increased drone strikes in the tribal areas eliminated senior al Qaeda operatives in 2009. Then, in July 2010, Pakistanis working for the CIA pulled up behind a white Suzuki navigating the bustling streets of Peshawar. The car’s driver was later tracked to a large compound in the city of Abbottabad. On May 2, 2011, U.S. commandos killed Osama bin Laden there.

The U.S. intelligence presence, though, extended far beyond the hunt for bin Laden, according to former administration officials. At one point, the CIA tried to deploy hundreds of operatives across Pakistan but backed off after suspicious Pakistani officials declined to issue them visas. At the same time, the agency aggressively used the freer hand Obama had given it to launch more drone strikes than ever before.

Established by the Bush administration and Musharraf in 2004, the covert CIA drone program initially carried out only “personality” strikes against a preapproved list of senior al Qaeda members. Pakistani officials were notified before many, but not all, attacks. Between 2004 and 2007, nine such attacks were carried out in Pakistan, according to the New America Foundation.

In 2008, the Bush administration authorized less-restrictive “signature” strikes in the tribal areas. Instead of basing attacks on intelligence regarding a specific person, CIA drone operators could carry out strikes based on the behavior of people on the ground. Operators could launch a drone strike if they saw a group, for example, crossing back and forth over the Afghanistan-Pakistan border. In 2008, the Bush administration carried out 33 strikes.

Under Obama, the drone campaign has escalated rapidly. The number of strikes nearly doubled to 53 in 2009 and then doubled again to 118 in 2010. Former administration officials said the looser rules resulted in the killing of more civilians. Current administration officials insisted that Obama, in fact, tightened the rules on the use of drone strikes after taking office. They said strikes rose under Obama because improved technology and intelligence gathering created more opportunities for attacks than existed under Bush.

But as Pakistani public anger over the spiraling strikes grew, other diplomats expressed concern as well. The U.S. ambassador in Pakistan at the time, Anne Patterson, opposed several attacks, but the CIA ignored her objections. When Cameron Munter replaced Patterson in October 2010, he objected even more vigorously. On at least two occasions, CIA Director Leon Panetta dismissed Munter’s protests and launched strikes, the Wall Street Journal later reported. One strike occurred only hours after Sen. John Kerry, head of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, had completed a visit to Islamabad.

A March 2011 strike brought the debate to the White House. A day after Pakistani officials agreed to release CIA contractor Raymond Davis, the agency — again over Munter’s objections — carried out a signature drone strike that the Pakistanis say killed four Taliban fighters and 38 civilians. Already angry about the Davis case, Pakistan’s Army chief, Gen. Ashfaq Parvez Kayani, issued an unusual public statement, saying a group of tribal elders had been “carelessly and callously targeted with complete disregard to human life.” U.S. intelligence officials dismissed the Pakistani complaints and insisted 20 militants had perished. “There’s every indication that this was a group of terrorists, not a charity car wash in the Pakistani hinterlands,” one official told the Associated Press.

Surprised by the vehemence of the official Pakistani reaction, national security advisor Tom Donilon questioned whether signature strikes were worthwhile. Critics inside and outside the U.S. government contended that a program that began as a carefully focused effort to kill senior al Qaeda leaders had morphed into a bombing campaign against low-level Taliban fighters. Some outside analysts even argued that the administration had adopted a de facto “kill not capture” policy, given its inability to close Bush’s Guantánamo Bay prison and create a new detention system.

In April 2011, the director of Pakistan’s intelligence service, Lt. Gen. Ahmed Shuja Pasha, visited Washington in an effort to repair the relationship, according to news accounts and former administration officials. Just after his visit, two more drone strikes occurred in the tribal areas, which Pasha took as a personal affront. In a rare concession, Panetta agreed to notify Pakistan’s intelligence service before the United States carried out any strike that could kill more than 20 people.

In May, after the bin Laden raid sparked further anger among Pakistani officials, Donilon launched an internal review of how drone strikes were approved, according to a former administration official. But the strikes continued. At the end of May, State Department officials were angered when three missile strikes followed Secretary of State Hillary Clinton’s visit to Pakistan.

As Donilon’s review progressed, an intense debate erupted inside the administration over the signature strikes, according to the Journal. Adm. Mike Mullen, then chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, said the strikes should be more selective. Robert Gates, then the defense secretary, warned that angry Pakistani officials could cut off supplies to U.S. troops in Afghanistan. Clinton warned that too many civilian casualties could strengthen opposition to Pakistan’s weak, pro-American president, Asif Ali Zardari.

The CIA countered that Taliban fighters were legitimate targets because they carried out cross-border attacks on U.S. forces, according to the former official. In June, Obama sided with the CIA. Panetta conceded that no drone strike would be carried out when Pakistani officials visited Washington and that Clinton and Munter could object to proposed strikes. But Obama allowed the CIA director to retain final say.

Last November, the worst-case scenario that Mullen, Gates, and Clinton had warned of came to pass. After NATO airstrikes mistakenly killed 24 Pakistani soldiers on the Afghanistan-Pakistan border, Kayani demanded an end to all U.S. drone strikes and blocked supplies to U.S. troops in Afghanistan. At the same time, popular opposition to Zardari soared. After a nearly two-month lull that allowed militants to regroup, drone strikes resumed in the tribal areas this past January. But signature strikes are no longer allowed — for the time being, according to the former senior official.

Among average Pakistanis, the strikes played out disastrously. In a 2011 Pew Research Center poll, 97 percent of Pakistani respondents who knew about the attacks said American drone strikes were a “bad thing.” Seventy-three percent of Pakistanis had an unfavorable view of the United States, a 10 percentage point rise from 2008. Administration officials say the strikes are popular with Pakistanis who live in the tribal areas and have tired of brutal jihadi rule. And they contend that Pakistani government officials — while publicly criticizing the attacks — agree in private that they help combat militancy. Making the strikes more transparent could reduce public anger in other parts of Pakistan, U.S. officials concede. But they say some elements of the Pakistani government continue to request that the strikes remain covert.

For me, the bottom line is that both governments’ approaches are failing. Pakistan’s economy is dismal. Its military continues to shelter Taliban fighters it sees as proxies to thwart Indian encroachment in Afghanistan. And the percentage of Pakistanis supporting the use of the Pakistani Army to fight extremists in the tribal areas — the key to eradicating militancy — dropped from a 53 percent majority in 2009 to 37 percent last year. Pakistan is more unstable today than it was when Obama took office.

A similar dynamic is creating even worse results on the southern tip of the Arabian Peninsula. Long ignored by the United States, Yemen drew sudden attention after a suicide attack on the USS Cole killed 17 American sailors in the port of Aden in 2000. In 2002, the Bush administration carried out a single drone strike in Yemen that killed Abu Ali al-Harithi, an al Qaeda operative who was a key figure in orchestrating the Cole attack. In the years that followed, the administration shifted its attentions to Iraq, and militants began to regroup.

A failed December 2009 attempt by a militant trained in Yemen to detonate a bomb on a Detroit-bound airliner focused Obama’s attention on the country. Over the next two years, the United States carried out an estimated 20 airstrikes in Yemen, most in 2011. In addition to killing al Qaeda-linked militants, the strikes killed dozens of civilians, according to Yemenis. Instead of decimating the organization, the Obama strikes have increased the ranks of al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula from 300 fighters in 2009 to more than 1,000 today, according to Gregory Johnsen, a leading Yemen expert at Princeton University. In January, the group briefly seized control of Radda, a town only 100 miles from the capital, Sanaa. “I don’t believe that the U.S. has a Yemen policy,” Johnsen told me. “What the U.S. has is a counterterrorism strategy that it applies to Yemen.”

The deaths of bin Laden and many of his lieutenants are a step forward, but Pakistan and Yemen are increasingly unstable. Pakistan is a nuclear-armed country of 180 million with resilient militant networks; Yemen, an impoverished, failing state that is fast becoming a new al Qaeda stronghold. “They think they’ve won because of this approach,” the former administration official said, referring to the administration’s drone-heavy strategy. “A lot of us think there is going to be a lot bigger problems in the future.”

THE BACKLASH FROM drone strikes in the countries where they are happening is not the only worry. In the United States, civil liberties and human rights groups are increasingly concerned with the breadth of powers Obama has claimed for the executive branch as he wages a new kind of war.

In the Libya conflict, the administration invoked the drones to create a new legal precedent. Under the War Powers Resolution, the president must receive congressional authorization for military operations within 60 days. When the deadline approached in May, the administration announced that because NATO strikes and drones were carrying out the bulk of the missions, no serious threat of U.S. casualties existed and no congressional authorization was needed. “It’s changed the way politicians talk about what should be the most important thing that a nation engages in,” said Peter W. Singer, a Brookings Institution researcher. “It’s changed the way we in the public deliberate war.”

Last fall, a series of drone strikes in Yemen set another dangerous precedent, according to civil liberties and human rights groups. Without any public legal proceeding, the U.S. government executed three of its own citizens. On Sept. 30, a drone strike killed Anwar al-Awlaki, a charismatic American-born cleric of Yemeni descent credited with inspiring terrorist attacks around the world. Samir Khan, a Pakistani-American jihadist traveling with him, was killed as well. Several weeks later, another strike killed Awlaki’s 16-year-old son, Abdulrahman al-Awlaki, also a U.S. citizen. Administration officials insisted a Justice Department review had authorized the killings but declined to release the full document.

“The administration has claimed the power to carry out extrajudicial executions of Americans on the basis of evidence that is secret and is never seen by anyone,” said Jameel Jaffer, deputy legal director of the American Civil Liberties Union. “It’s hard to understand how that is consistent with the Constitution.”

After criticizing the Bush administration for keeping the details of its surveillance, interrogation, and detention practices secret, Obama is doing the same thing. His administration has declined to reveal the details of how it places people on kill lists, carries out eavesdropping in the United States, or decides whom to detain overseas. The administration is also prosecuting six former government officials on charges of leaking classified information to the media — more cases than all other administrations combined.

Administration officials deny being secretive and insist they have disclosed more information about their counterterrorism practices than the Bush administration, which fiercely resisted releasing details of its “war on terror” and established the covert drone program in Pakistan. Obama administration officials say they have established a more transparent and flexible approach outside Pakistan that involves military raids, drone strikes, and other efforts. They told me that every attack in Yemen was approved by Yemeni officials. Eventually, they hope to make drone strikes joint efforts carried out openly with local governments.

For now, keeping them covert prevents American courts from reviewing their constitutionality, according to Jaffer. He pointed out that if a Republican president followed such policies, the outcry on the left would be deafening. “You have to remember that this authority is going to be used by the next administration and the next administration after that,” Jaffer said. “You need to make sure there are clear limits on what is really unparalleled power.”

TO THEIR CREDIT, Obama and his senior officials have successfully reframed Bush’s global battle as a more narrowly focused struggle against al Qaeda. They stopped using the term “war on terror” and instead described a campaign against a single, clearly identifiable group.

Senior administration officials cite the toppling of Muammar al-Qaddafi as the prime example of the success of their more focused, multilateral approach to the use of force. At a cost of zero American lives and $1 billion in U.S. funding, the Libya intervention removed an autocrat from power in five months. The occupation of Iraq claimed 4,484 American lives, cost at least $700 billion, and lasted nearly nine years.

“The light U.S. footprint had benefits beyond less U.S. lives and resources,” Rhodes told me. “We believe the Libyan revolution is viewed as more legitimate. The U.S. is more welcome. And there is less potential for an insurgency because there aren’t foreign forces present.”

In its most ambitious proposal, the administration is also trying to restructure the U.S. military, implement steep spending cuts, and “right-size” U.S. forces around the world. Under Obama’s plan, the Army would be trimmed by 80,000 soldiers, some U.S. units would be shifted from the Middle East to the Pacific, and more small, covert bases would be opened. Special Forces units that have been vastly expanded in Iraq and Afghanistan would train indigenous forces and carry out counterterrorism raids. Declaring al Qaeda nearly defeated, administration officials say it is time for a new focus.

“Where does the U.S. have a greater interest in 2020?” Rhodes asked. “Is it Asia-Pacific or Yemen? Obviously, the Asia-Pacific region is clearly going to be more important.”

Rhodes has a point, but Pakistan and its nuclear weapons — as well as Yemen and its proximity to vital oil reserves and sea lanes — are likely to haunt the United States for years.

Retired military officials warn that drones and commando raids are no substitute for the difficult process of helping local leaders marginalize militants. Missile strikes that kill members of al Qaeda and its affiliates in Pakistan and Yemen do not strengthen economies, curb corruption, or improve government services. David Barno, a retired lieutenant general who commanded U.S. forces in Afghanistan from 2003 to 2005, believes hunting down senior terrorists over and over again is not a long-term solution.

“How do you get beyond this attrition warfare?” he asked me. “I don’t think we’ve answered that question yet.”

Fonte: http://www.foreignpolicy.com/articles/2012/02/27/the_obama_doctrine?page=full

Romney vai bem em debate e retoma o prumo na disputa republicana


Romney vai bem em debate e retoma o prumo na disputa republicana

Correio do Brasil – 23/02/2012

Mitt Romney parece estar retomando o favoritismo na disputa para ser o candidato republicano a presidente dos EUA, depois de uma boa atuação no debate de quarta-feira no Arizona e de avançar numa pesquisa em Michigan contra o concorrente conservador Rick Santorum.

Agressivo, Romney colocou Santorum repetidamente na defensiva durante o debate da CNN, na noite de quarta-feira, e atacou o ex-senador por ter votado no Congresso a favor de vultosos gastos públicos.

Ele também conseguiu assumir a liderança por uma estreita margem em uma nova pesquisa em Michigan, que realiza sua eleição primária no dia 28, junto com o Arizona. Há uma semana, Romney chegou a estar mais de 10 pontos percentuais atrás de Santorum em Michigan.

O ritmo da disputa republicana se acelera fortemente no mês que vem, quando 22 Estados realizam suas votações – dez deles no dia 6, a chamada “Super-Terça”.

– Esse debate vai realmente dar algum impulso a Romney até a primária de Michigan, disse o estrategista republicano Ron Bonjean. “Santorum claramente estava tendo dificuldade por ter de pedir desculpas e explicar tantos dos seus votos (no Senado).” (mais…)

Milhares saem às ruas de Moscou para apoiar Putin


Foto por: Reuters/Sergei Karpukhin

 Thousands back Putin’s presidential bid in Moscow

Reuters / Nastassia Astrasheuskaya – 23/02/2012

Thousands of people marched in Moscow under Russian flags, balloons and banners on Thursday to back Vladimir Putin’s bid to return to the presidency and counter opposition protests that have challenged his authority.

People wrapped themselves in warm hats, scarves and coats on a chilly national holiday and started marching along the banks of the Moscow River behind a long blue banner declaring: “Our vote for Putin.”

Organizers said tens of thousands were likely to take part in the march and a rally in a sports stadium which the prime minister was widely expected to address.

The former KGB officer is on course to win the election on March 4, extending his 12-year rule for another six years, although tens of thousands have shown their concern over his return to the Kremlin by protesting in the past two months.

The atmosphere was festive on Defender of the Fatherland Day, a holiday which honors the armed forces.

“I support Putin. He’s an FSB (security service) guy and my father is too so I like him,” said Rostislav Galeyev, 20. (mais…)

Novo presidente é eleito no Iémen


Foto por: EPA

 Yemen elects new leader in walkover election

Russia Today – 22/02/2012

Following a year of turmoil Yemen has elected a new leader, Abd-Rabbu Mansour Hadi, who is officially replacing the outgoing President Saleh. However, the vote was far from democratic with Hadi being the only option on ballot papers.

Field Marshal Abd-Rabbu Mansour Hadi, Saleh’s close confidant, has served as the country’s vice president since 1994. He is now tasked with implementing the US and Gulf States-backed power transfer deal which was signed by Saleh in November.

Ali Abdullah Saleh, who ruled Yemen for 33 years, is the fourth autocrat to leave power after the Arab Spring uprising swept away the leaders of Tunisia, Egypt and Libya.

Hadi is set to be declared president in the coming days and will inherit an impoverished nation battered by political and economic problems, rebellions and separatism.

“This is a qualitative leap for modern Yemen,” Hadi said on Tuesday after casting his vote. “There will be big political, economic and social change, which is the way out of the crisis that has ravaged the country.” (mais…)

Dois protestos antagônicos trarão dezenas de milhares de russos às ruas de Moscou esse sábado


Russians Rally as Putin Hints Reforms, Warns of Regime Change

RIA Novosti – 04/01/2012

Tens of thousands people are expected to brave the bitter cold at two major rallies in downtown Moscow on Saturday as a power play between champions of political liberalization and supporters of Prime Minister Vladimir Putin continues to unfold.

The first demonstration will demand fair elections at the March 4 presidential polls, at which Putin is expected to secure a third term in the Kremlin. It will also call on Russians “not to give a single vote” to Putin.

The opposition rally is widely seen by analysts as a litmus test of protesters’ ability to maintain momentum after two earlier protests against alleged vote fraud in favor of Putin’s United Russia party at December’s parliamentary polls.

“We are prepared for a long tough struggle,” protest organizer and opposition figure Boris Nemtsov on the eve of the rally. “One peaceful march will not change the country.”

Over 30,000 have signed up on social networks to attend the demonstration. The protests will include a march through downtown Moscow and a rally across the Moskva River from the Kremlin. The two previous rallies drew an estimated combined total of 100,000 people. (mais…)

Posse de ex-ministro causa instabilidade dentro de BJP da Índia


BJP faces rebellion over Kushwaha’s induction

Times of India – 06/01/2012

The induction of tainted former minister Babu Singh Kushwaha is turning out to be a major headache for the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) ahead of the Feb 4-28 Uttar Pradesh elections after a rebellion within the party over the decision.

At least three leaders – state MPs Maneka Gandhi and Yogi Adityanath and star campaigner Uma Bharti – have raised red flags over the induction of the sacked Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) leader who faces corruption charges in a multi-crore Uttar Pradesh health scam. He joined the BJP Tuesday.

The three leaders have openly spoken against the BJP national leadership.

Kushwaha, a prominent OBC leader from Uttar Pradesh, has been named as an accused in embezzlement in the Rs.10,000 crore health scheme in the state which goes to polls in February. (mais…)

Medvedev propõe mudanças profundas no sistema eleitoral da Rússia


Medvedev proposes sweeping electoral reforms

Russia Today – 22/12/2011

Simplifying the registration of political parties and presidential candidates, and returning to direct voting to elect regional governors are among the key reforms proposed by President Medvedev in his annual address to Russia’s Federal Assembly.

­Chief among them is a proposal to move to direct voting when electing regional governors.

He said that all politically active citizens should be given the opportunity to participate in Russia’s political affairs.

The Russian president also wants to simplify the process of registering political parties. Medvedev proposed abolishing the collection of signatures which has until now been obligatory for parties to register for election to the Russian State Duma and regional legislative assemblies. (mais…)

Mulheres recebem direito de votar e de se eleger na Arábia Saudita


Saudi women given voting rights

Al Jazeera – 25/09/2011

King Abdullah says women will be allowed to run as candidates in municipal polls and will even have a right to vote.

Saudi women will have the right to join the advisory Shura Council (consultative assembly) as full members and participate in future municipal elections, King Abdullah has said.

The announcement came days before municipal elections where women will be excluded.

“Because we refuse to marginalise women in society in all roles that comply with sharia, we have decided, after deliberation with our senior ulama [clerics] and others … to involve women in the Shura Council as members, starting from the next term,” Abdullah said on Sunday in a speech delivered to the Shura Council. (mais…)