Paquistão fará uma aquisição de dois grandes reatores nucleares da China em um negócio de 9,1 bilhões de dólares. Objetivo é sanar o déficit de energia elétrica e possivelmente aumentar suas capacidades nucleares em relação à Índia.
China agrees to sell Pakistan two more nuclear reactors
IRIB – 15/10/2013
Pakistan is acquiring two large nuclear power reactors from longtime ally China, officials said, under a $9.1 billion deal that would help the country generate sorely needed electric power and possibly enhance its nuclear capabilities vis-à-vis neighboring rival India.
For Islamabad, the pact with China counters the nuclear energy accord New Delhi signed with the U.S. under the president George W. Bush. Pakistan regards that arrangement as providing India with an unfair potential strategic advantage for nuclear weapons. Both countries possess a nuclear arsenal.
Pakistani officials haven’t talked publicly about this latest agreement, which was quietly signed around midyear and closed in early July, about the time Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif visited China.
The reactors covered by the deal would be technologically advanced and built outside the main port city of Karachi. They each would provide 1,000 megawatts of electricity, a big boost for power-starved Pakistan. “Every country has this. We are also entitled,” the senior official said. “We have to focus on adding cheaper energy supply.”
China would deliver the first reactor in 70 months-80 months, with the second coming 10 months later. Nuclear reactors take several years to build. They would be installed on the Karachi coast close to a small existing reactor, the senior Pakistani official said. The Chinese will provide 82% of the financing through a loan on what another Pakistani official described as very soft terms.
“The cooperation [with Pakistan] is in accordance with the nonproliferation treaty and international norms,” Su Hao, director of the Center for Strategic and Conflict Management at China Foreign Affairs University, said.
Pakistan says all its nuclear plants will be open to inspection from the International Atomic Energy Agency, a United Nations organization that polices nuclear safety.
China has supplied Pakistan with two 300-megawatt reactors of an older design, which were completed in 2000 and 2011. It is building two more under past deals, in addition to the new 1,000-megawatt reactors. Pakistan’s current nuclear energy capacity is just 725 megawatts.
A Pakistani official said the supply of power from the nuclear plants was constant, unlike hydroelectric power, another option for Pakistan, while the operational cost of electricity from a nuclear power station is considerably lower than the country’s oil and gas-fired generation plants.
Pakistan suffers a debilitating energy crisis that is starving industry of power and depriving households of basic everyday comforts. There are planned outages of 10 hours-12 hours a day, due to a roughly 5,000-megawatt gap between supply and demand. Tackling the crisis has been Mr. Sharif’s top priority since taking office in June.
The Indian ministry of external affairs declined to comment on the Chinese nuclear deal with Pakistan.