O maior partido Islâmico da Tunísia, o Ennahda, obteve a maioria do Parlamento após uma série de renúncias de membros do partido secular, Nidaa Tounes, que obteve a maioria em eleições ano passado. Deputados ainda mantém seus assentos no Parlmento, mas agora sem partido. Renúncias se deram em protesto contra o filho do presidente Béji Caïd Essebsi na liderança do partido. Apesar disso, a coalizão governista não deve ser desfeita.
A Suprema Corte de Bangladesh manteve a pena de morte de Motiur Rahman Nizami, líder do maior partido islâmico do país, apesar de diversos recursos. Nizami é acusado de cooperar com tropas paquistanesas na guerra de independência em 1971. Execução deve acontecer nos próximos meses.
O presidente da Gâmbia, Yahya Jammeh, declarou o país como uma república islâmica na última sexta-feira (11/12). Segundo Jammeh, o Estado deve representar a grande maioria da população (cerca de 90%), que possui religião islâmica. A medida também ajudaria a nação a se afastar de seu passado colonial.
Análise da Stratfor indica que os recentes avanços do “Estado Islâmico” (EI) na Síria tendem a forçar o governo sírio e as forças insurgentes a se focarem no combate ao grupo terrorista, em vez de priorizar a luta entre eles. O EI deve voltar-se à defesa de suas linhas de suprimento, mas sem haver perda de sua flexibilidade em operações ofensivas.
O analista George Friedman faz um balanço da situação atual do Oriente Médio, buscando as raízes dos movimentos políticos atuais no impacto que a dissolução da União Soviética teve para a região. Segundo ele, movimentos seculares, geralmente apoiados pelos soviéticos, foram desacreditados, o que deu força para os islamistas. Hoje, está em aberto se as quatro potências da região podem (ou mesmo se querem) conter o “Estado Islâmico”, especialmente a Turquia.
Neste sábado (17/01), a Justiça da França proibiu a realização de uma manifestação em Paris para pedir a expulsão de todos os islamitas do país que ocorreria no domingo (18/01). A polícia local já havia considerado o protesto como tendo uma “lógica islamofóbia”, decisão que foi mantida pela deliberação judicial. Os organizadores da manifestação não devem recorrer da decisão.
A França está deslocando seu porta-aviões nuclear Charles de Gaulle para a região do Golfo Persa. O navio deve atravessar o Canal de Suez para ir ao Oceano Índico, podendo iniciar operações em maio. Uma vez no golfo, o porta-aviões deve servir de apoio a missões de bombardeio contra alvos do “Estado Islâmico” no Iraque.
O grupo islamista palestino Hamas e o libanês Hezbollah condenaram o atentado terrorista à revista Charlie Hebdo em Paris ocorrido na semana passada. Segundo eles, essas atitudes são mais nocivas ao Islã do que as charges que fazem piada com Maomé. Tais declarações foram feitas após o primeiro ministro de Israel, Benjamin Netanyahu, ter associado os dois grupos a movimentos jihadistas e terroristas, tais como o “Estado Islâmico”.
Historicamente, o Islã não teve grande alcance político na Indonésia, apesar de ser intrínseco à sociedade e à cultura do país, que é o país com maior população muçulmana do mundo. Porém, nas últimas eleições parlamentares os ganhos de partidos islamitas foram expressivos, ainda que menores do que os dos partidos seculares e nacionalistas.
Nos últimos meses, líderes dos países sunitas do Golfo Pérsico visitaram Islamabad inúmeras vezes. Essas tentativas de aproximação parecem estar ligadas ao conflito na Síria. Contudo, engajamento paquistanês para qualquer um dos lados poderia causar imensa instabilidade interna.
A vitória islamita nas eleições municipais de domingo na Turquia não contribuiu para fechar a espiral de polarização política que vive o país nos últimos meses, depois da onda de protestos populares contra a deriva autoritária do primeiro-ministro, Recep Tayyip Erdogan e os escândalos de corrupção que mancham o governante Partido da Justiça e do desenvolvimento (AKP). Partido de Erdogan saiu vitorioso, legitimando seu governo.
Na Tunísia, país que deu início à Primavera Árabe, Assembleia Constituinte aprovou nova Constituição com redução da influência religiosa, nomeadamente do islamismo. A Carta também estabelece igualdade entre homens e mulheres. ONU chamou a aprovação de “etapa histórica” do país.
Na Tunísia, país que deu início à Primavera Árabe, parlamentares membros da Assembleia Constituinte rejeitaram os princípios da sharia e fixaram o país como uma república “civil” com liberdade de crença e culto. O Islã permanece sendo a religião oficial.
Egypt president condemns sectarian violence
08 de abril de 2013 – Al jazeera
Egyptian President Mohamed Morsi has condemned deadly clashes at the Cairo headquarters of the Coptic Christian pope as “an attack against myself”, ordering a quick probe into the violence, a statement said.
“I consider any attack on the cathedral an attack against myself,” Morsi said on Sunday in a statement published by the official MENA news agency.
The probe follows clashes after a funeral for Copts slain in sectarian violence.
At least two people were reported killed and MENA said 17 people had been injured in fighting in Sunday’s violence.
Public television showed riot police firing tear gas to disperse the crowd.
In some of the worst sectarian violence for months on Friday, four Christians and one Muslim were killed in El Khusus,
north of Cairo, when members of both communities started shooting at each other.
New clashes erupted on Sunday when hundreds of angry Copts who had attended a funeral service at St Mark’s Cathedral spilled out into the streets of Cairo, chanting “With our blood and soul we will sacrifice ourselves for the cross.”
After an emotional church service, where relatives of the dead wept, young Christians started hurling rocks at police officers, a witness said.
The protesters smashed six private cars and set two on fire, prompting an angry reaction from Muslims living in the neighbourhood, who threw stones at them, a witness said.
Christian-Muslim confrontations have increased in Muslim-majority Egypt since the overthrow of former President Hosni Mubarak in 2011 gave freer rein to hardline Muslims repressed under his rule.
Al Jazeera’s Rawya Rageh, reporting from Cairo, said that the situation “remained tense” outside the cathedral, with gunshots still being heard in the area as of late Sunday afternoon.
“From the beginning, the mood during the funeral marches was one of clear anger. The Christian community have been complaining for two years now, since the revolution, of increased physical attacks against them,” said Rageh.
“Their concern is now that Islamic groups have been empowered and have been acting more freely after the revolution, that little is being done to address the long-standing roots of sectarian tension.”
President Mohamed Morsi, a Muslim Brotherhood leader elected in June, has promised to protect the rights of Copts, who make up about 10 percent of Egypt’s 84 million people.
Egypt’s Coptic Church issued a statement on Sunday night calling for calm and expressing sorrow for the clashes.
Christians have complained of attacks on churches by hardline Muslims, incidents that have sharpened long-standing Christian grievances about being sidelined in the workplace and in law.
The president’s office and top Muslim leaders were quick to condemn Friday’s clashes, which happened after Christian children scrawled on the wall of a Muslim religious institute, according to witnesses.
Still, many Christians at the funeral called for Morsi and his Islamist allies to go, some of them chanting “The blood of
Christians is not cheap, Morsi, you villain.”
Clinging to power? Muslim Brotherhood announces presidential candidate
Russia Today – 02/04/2012
Egypt’s Muslim Brotherhood has announced its presidential candidate. The move has caused a tide of public discontent, with many seeing it as a threat to democracy – and some even accusing the Islamist group of conspiracy plans.
Khairat el-Shater, the Brotherhood’s chief strategist, and a business tycoon, has been announced as the party’s presidential candidate in the upcoming elections, in May.
Shater was imprisoned multiple times under Mubarak’s rule, but the ruling Military Council pardoned him and cleared him of all charges so that he could participate in the elections.
The group has repeatedly said it would not field a presidential candidate because it is not seeking to dominate the new Egypt.
The Brotherhood already holds nearly half the seats in the nation’s newly elected parliament; with the presidency in their pocket they will face no obstacles to imposing their will onto the country.
Therefore, the announcement has alarmed many, who see the Brotherhood’s decision as a step towards a totalitarian regime. (mais…)
Analysis: Arab revolts bring Islamist regional vision closer
Reuters / Edmund Blair, Tom Perry – 28/03/2012
The Muslim Brotherhood has quietly spread its influence far beyond Egypt in its 84-year history, but Arab revolts have opened broad new political horizons the group hopes will reflect its founder’s vision for the Arab and Islamic world.
“There is no doubt that Hassan al-Banna believed in Islamic unity and not just Arab unity. But with such a vision we must consider reality and what is possible,” said Mahmoud Ghozlan, a member of the Brotherhood’s executive bureau.
Interviewed at the group’s new headquarters in Cairo, he called such unity a “long-term objective”, but seemed alive to the possibilities thrown up by a ferment in which Islamists are driving mainstream politics across North Africa and beyond.
“This region is in a period of deep-rooted change,” the 64-year-old said. “Starting from Tunisia and ending with Syria, the nature of the region and alliances will change.”
The Brotherhood, banned and repressed under President Hosni Mubarak, did not instigate the uprising against him, but like Islamist parties elsewhere it has been the main beneficiary, using free elections to sweep to the brink of power.
Its success, along with election wins by Islamists in Tunisia and Morocco, and the emergence of powerful Islamist players in Libya and inside Syria’s opposition, is forcing the world to rethink how it deals with political Islam. (mais…)
Libya’s Muslim Brotherhood sets up political party
Reuters / Ali Shuaib – 02/03/2012
Libya’s Muslim Brotherhood teamed up with other Islamists on Friday to establish a new political party that is set to be a leading player in the country’s first elections since the overthrow of Muammar Gaddafi in a NATO-backed uprising.
Islamist and secular parties will vie in June elections for seats in a national assembly that will draft a new constitution for the North African country.
Political analysts say Libya’s Muslim Brotherhood is likely to emerge as the most organized political force and a leading player in the oil-exporting country where Islamists, like all dissidents, were harshly suppressed for 42 years.
Post-uprising elections have already brought Islamists into government in Tunisia, Egypt and Morocco since October and they are likely to perform well in Libya, a socially conservative country where alcohol was already banned before the revolution.
Lamine Belhadj, who heads the committee that is working to set up the new party, told Reuters at a conference on Friday it would bring together Islamists of different stripes. (mais…)
Nervously, world powers eye greater Somalia action
Reuters / Peter Apps – 24/02/2012
Somalia might still be described as the “world’s worst failed state,” but international enthusiasm for involvement there is ticking up to levels not seen since the 1994 withdrawal of international peacekeepers.
Following the October 1993 “Blackhawk Down” debacle in which 18 US servicemen and well over a thousand Somalis died in a botched Mogadishu battle, world powers have largely left Somalia to anarchy, chaos and conflict. Some estimates suggest more than a million people may have died since Somalia’s last government collapsed in 1991.
But Thursday’s London conference on Somalia — which brought together representatives of more than 40 countries including U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton and UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon — appeared to be the latest sign that approach might be beginning to shift.
Officials say growing worries over Somalia becoming perhaps the leading global haven for Islamist militancy and the rising cost of Somali piracy — estimated to cost the global economy some $7 billion a year — helped spur action.
“For two decades politicians in the West have too often dismissed the problems in Somalia as simply too difficult and too remote to deal with,” British Prime Minister David Cameron told the summit. “Engagement has been sporadic and half-hearted. That fatalism has failed Somalia. And it has failed the international community too.” (mais…)
Al-Qaeda joins ranks of Syrian revolt backers
Russia Today – 13/01/2012
The leader of Al-Qaeda has voiced his support for the Syrian uprising. He called on Muslims to join the opposition in Syria in their drive to oust President Bashar Assad.
In an eight-minute video address posted on Sunday on a jihadist website, Ayman al-Zawahri called on Muslims in Turkey, Iraq, Lebanon and Jordan to aid the Syrian rebels.
“Continue your revolt and anger, don’t accept anything else apart from independent, respectful governments,” the successor of Osama Bin Laden urged the Syrians.
He also called on Syrians not to rely on Western or Arab governments, whom he said would impose a new regime subservient to the West.
The news comes as the Arab League is discussing in Cairo their next step in tackling the Syrian crisis. Earlier Russia and China blocked a draft resolution at the UN Security Council, which called for Assad to step down. Now a plan to send a joint UN-Arab League observer mission to Syria is on the table. (mais…)
Nigeria insurgency beginning to take toll on economy
Reuters / Chijioke Ohuocha – 10/02/2012
An increasingly violent insurgency by Islamist sect Boko Haram in Nigeria’s economically stagnant north has begun pressuring the country’s finances by forcing extra spending on security.
It is diverting money away from needed infrastructure spending and could be costing as much as 2 percent of the country’s economic output.
Boko Haram, which wants Islamic sharia law more widely applied across Africa’s most populous nation, has been waging a low level insurgency against the government and security forces since 2009.
The severity of its attacks has leapt in the last six months with its strikes have been largely confined to the Muslim north, hundreds of kilometers from the commercial hubs of Lagos and the Niger Delta, home to Africa’s biggest oil industry.
This means that foreign investors have not been unduly rattled in a broad sense.
“The northeast is not all that important economically, so unless they start blowing up stuff in Lagos or they can find a way to disrupt business on a larger scale, I think foreign investors are prepared to live with the threat,” said Alan Cameron, analyst at London-based Investment firm CSL. (mais…)
Terror twins: Somali militant group hooks up with Al Qaeda
Russia Today – 10/01/2012
The Somali militant Islamist group Al Shabab has formally joined forces with Al Qaeda, the latter’s leader, Ayman al-Zawahiri, has announced.
Al-Zawahiri, the longtime deputy of Osama bin Laden who replaced him after his death last year, has welcomed Al Shabab’s move in a video address released on Thursday.
“Today, I have glad tidings for the Muslim Ummah that will please the believers and disturb the disbelievers, which is Somalia’s Shabaab al-Mujahideen movement’s becoming part of Qaedat al-Jihad, to support the jihadi unity against the Zionist-Crusader campaign and their collaborators amongst the treacherous agent rulers,” reported the Associated Press quoting the video posted by Site Intelligence Group, which monitors jihadist activity.
The new video also features an audio recording allegedly of Al Shabab chairman Mukhtar Abu Zubeyr pledging allegiance to al-Zawahri, saying that his followers “will march with you as loyal soldiers.”
“On behalf of the soldiers and the commanders in al-Shabaab, we pledge allegiance to you. So lead us to the path of jihad and martyrdom that was drawn by our imam, the martyr Osama.” (mais…)
Hamas e Fatah chegam a acordo para governo palestino unificado
Correio do Brasil – 06/01/2012
Os grupos rivais Hamas e Fatah, as duas principais facções palestinas, chegaram a um acordo nesta segunda-feira no Catar para a formação de um governo de unidade com tecnocratas independentes na Cisjordânia e Faixa de Gaza, liderado pelo atual presidente palestino, Mahmoud Abbas.
A estratégia, que acontece após fracassadas conversas preliminares entre israelenses e palestinos com o objetivo de retomar as travadas negociações de paz, provavelmente será condenada por Israel e EUA, que afirmam que o movimento islamista Hamas não pode fazer parte dos esforços de paz.
O acordo quer preparar o caminho para as eleições presidenciais e parlamentares palestinas, que acontecerão possivelmente no final deste ano, e para reconstruir a Faixa de Gaza, comandada pelo Hamas, após a ofensiva israelense em 2008 e 2009 contra o Hamas.
Não ficou claro quando o acordo será implementado. Nenhum cronograma foi estabelecido. O pacto de reconciliação entre Fatah e Hamas, firmado em maio de 2011, teve poucos resultados substanciais, mas ambos os lados disseram que estavam sérios sobre levar adiante o novo acordo. (mais…)
Boko Haram bombers trained by al-Qaeda, says Niger
Mail & Guardian / LAURENT PRIEUR – 25/01/2012
Members of the Nigerian Islamist group Boko Haram have received explosives training at al-Qaeda camps in the Sahel region of northern Africa, Niger’s foreign minister said on Tuesday.
The group, which has killed more than 200 people this year in increasingly sophisticated attacks that include bombings, may have also received training from Somalia’s al-Shabaab insurgents, Foreign Minister Mohamed Bazoum said.
“There is no doubt that there is confirmed information that shows a link between Boko Haram and AQIM (al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb), and it consists primarily of the training given to elements of Boko Haram,” Bazoum said at a regional security summit in Mauritania’s capital.
“One group has been received in AQIM bases here in the Sahel and another group got training, based on information we’ve gotten, with the Shabaabs in Somalia,” he said.
Security analysts have said Boko Haram, which means “Western education is sinful” in the Hausa language spoken in northern Nigeria, is unlikely to expand its focus beyond Nigeria, and has only limited ties to other insurgent groups. (mais…)
Tantawi: Egypt to lift state of emergency
Al Jazeera – 24/01/2012
The head of Egypt’s military council has said that the country’s decades-old state of emergency will be lifted on Wednesday, the first anniversary of the uprising that brought down president Hosni Mubarak.
“I have taken a decision to end the state of emergency starting on the morning of January 25, 2012,” Field Marshal Hussein Tantawi said in a televised address on Tuesday, adding that it would still apply in dealing with cases of “thuggery”.
He did not elaborate what that term meant.
Al Jazeera’s Sherine Tadros, reporting from Cairo, said Tantawi also renewed past pledges that the military would return to the barracks when power is handed to a civilian administration.
The controversial emergency law – which has been continuously in place since Islamists assassinated president Anwar Sadat in 1981 – was repeatedly extended under Mubarak’s rule.
Last year, the ruling Supreme Council of the Armed Forces (SCAF) widened the scope of the law – restricted in 2010 to narcotics and terrorism – to include labour strikes, traffic disruption and the spread of false information. (mais…)
Nigeria: Activities of Boko Haram Un-Islamic – Group
All Africa / Adewale Giwa – 19/01/2012
Akure — An Islamic group known as IKWAN in Ondo State has said that the activities of the Boko Haram sect are against the tenets of Islam.
The state missioner and the general secretary of the group, Alhaji Moshud Hasbunallah and Malam Musa Olamoju respectively, regretted that the activities of the sect had led to the death of many innocent people.
According to the statement, “the Boko Haram sect is not fighting for the cause of Islam and as such, they have nothing to do with Islam.”
The group appealed to Nigerians, particularly Christians, who had been worst hit not to allow the sect’s various attacks to hinder the peaceful co-existence between Muslims and Christians in the country.
The statement read in part: “We strongly condemn the activities of Boko Haram in the country; they want to bring blotch to the Islamic religion. It is now imperative that Muslims and Christians should unite and fight the dreaded group to a standstill. In fact, Muslim leaders, especially in the North, should be at the forefront to confront the group. (mais…)
Wave of bombings leaves scores dead in Iraq
Al Jazeera – 05/01/2012
A suicide bomber targeting Shia pilgrims has killed at least 46 people and wounded at least 80 others in southern Iraq, Qusay al-Abadi, head of the provincial council in Nassiriya, told Reuters news agency.
Local security sources said on Thursday the attack occurred at a police checkpoint in al-Badha area west of Nassiriya, 300km southeast of Baghdad, as pilgrims were walking to the shrine city of Karbala for Arbaeen commemorations.
This came hours after explosions in several mainly Shia Muslim neighbourhoods of eastern Baghdad killed at least 24 people and wounded a further 66, according to Iraqi officials.
Major General Qassim al-Moussawi, Baghdad military spokesman, said the aim of the attacks is “to create sedition among the Iraqi people”. He said it was too early to say who was behind the bombings. (mais…)
Nigéria: declarado estado de emergência no norte do país
Correio do Brasil – 02/01/2012
O presidente da Nigéria, Goodluck Jonathan, declarou estado de emergência neste sábado em regiões ao norte do país, assoladas por uma insurgência islâmica violenta, e disse que fecharia quaisquer fronteiras com outros países nestas áreas cobertas pelo decreto.
–Eu, no exercício dos poderes a mim conferidos… declaro estado de emergência nas seguintes regiões da federação–, disse Jonathan à TV estatal, antes de listar os governos locais do norte afetados pelo decreto. ”O fechamento temporário de nossas fronteiras nas áreas afetadas é apenas uma medida interina designada para enfrentar os atuais desafios de seguranças e será retomado assim que a normalidade seja restaurada”, acrescentou ele, em discurso que abordou os atentados fatais no dia do Natal, pela seita Boko Haram, há uma semana.
O decreto significa que regiões da fronteira da Nigéria com Níger, Chade e Camarões serão fechadas até um segunda ordem.
Ele acrescentou que o chefe do grupo de defesa fora instruído a tomar outras medidas “apropriadas”, incluindo a criação de uma força especial de combate ao terrorismo. (mais…)