A Rússia está enviando seu único porta-aviões para a Síria a fim de combater o “Estado Islâmico” naquele país. Chamado de “Almirante Kuznetsov”, o navio carregará ao menos 15 caças e dez helicópteros de ataque. O porta-aviões deve ficar estacionado no leste do mar Mediterrâneo pelo menos até fevereiro de 2017.
Nesta segunda-feira (07/12), as marinhas da Índia e da Rússia iniciaram um exercício militar naval conjunto no Golfo de Bengala. As atividades devem ocorrer até o dia 12 de dezembro e incluem duas fases, uma em instalações portuárias e outra no mar. Operações de defesa áerea, antissubmarino e contraterroristas serão simuladas. Essa é a oitava edição do exercício, que ocorre desde 2003.
A Frota do Mar Negro da Rússia receberá 50 novos navios até 2020, anunciou na quarta-feira (13/05) o vice-presidente da Duma, o parlamento russo, Serguei Zhelezniak. Além disso, o deputado disse no plenário que seis submarinos adicionais entrarão em serviço na marinha russa até o final de 2016.
Depois do primeiro exercício militar naval realizado por Rússia e China no Mar Mediterrâneo, duas fragatas chinesas estão navegando no Mar Negro com prováveis intenções comerciais. O momento está sendo usado como oportunidade de demonstrar o funcionamento da fragata tipo 054A Jiangkai II-classe para países interessados.
O recentemente nomeado chefe da marinha da Ucrânia, almirante Denis Berezovsky, jurou lealdade à região da Crimeia. Berezovsky também disse que as forças navais ucranianas deveriam deixar de receber ordens do governo “autodeclarado” de Kiev. Enquanto isso, belonaves ucranianas deixam Sebastopol rumo a Odessa.
Após acusar tropas russas de haver ocupado dois aeroportos na região da Crimeia, Ucrânia apela a EUA e Reino Unido para que “reiterem” suas garantias de segurança. O comando russo da frota do Mar Negro, no entanto, negou nesta sexta-feira (28/02) qualquer participação.
O presidente russo Vladimir Putin colocou 150 mil soldados em prontidão para exercícios militares surpresa em região próxima à Ucrânia. Além disso, a Rússia aumentou a segurança da sua base militar em Sebastopol, na Crimeia, região ucraniana de maioria étnica russa que frequentemente passa por tensões separatistas.
Com os avanços nas reformas democratizantes em Mianmar, um maior número de marinhas estrangeiras passou a se engajar com a marinha mianmarense. Japão, Reino Unido e EUA estão entre os países que realizam essa maior interação.
Rússia está planejando formar uma esquadra de navios de guerra quebra-gelo até o final de 2014 para proteger rotas marítimas vitais no Ártico.
Russia to Deploy Arctic Escort Squadron by 2014 – Minister
RIA Novosti – 06/11/2013
The Russian military is planning to form a squadron of warships with ice-breaking capability by 2014 to protect vital shipping routes in the Arctic, Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu said Wednesday.
“I hope we will find additional capability to transport cargo in the Arctic, including support of ships moving along the Arctic routes,” Shoigu said at a video-conferencing session at the Defense Ministry.
New equipment will also be provided for infantry forces to fight in the region, he said.
The Arctic, believed to have vast untapped natural resources, has increasingly been at the center of disputes between Canada, Denmark, Norway, Russia and the United States in recent years. Rising temperatures are causing a reduction in sea ice cover, providing easier access to lucrative offshore oil and gas deposits.
Shoigu reiterated that the Arctic region is a key resource base, with strategic importance for Russia’s economic development and energy security.
In line with Russia’s Arctic doctrine, adopted in 2008, the Kremlin has officially set the goal of deploying a combined-arms force by 2020 to protect its political and economic interests in the region, including military, border, and coastguard units.
As part of the ambitious program, the Russian military is planning to reopen airfields and ports on the New Siberian Islands and the Franz Josef Land archipelago that were mothballed in 1993.
In addition, the Russian government unveiled plans last year to spend around 1.3 trillion rubles ($44 billion) on economic and social projects in the Arctic by 2020.
At present, however, Russia is still unprepared for a potential war in the Arctic, according to a report by the Regional Development Ministry released Monday.
The report cited the lack of border security infrastructure, insufficient training of personnel for fighting in the harsh climate and local population decline as key threats to Russia’s security in the region that makes up a fifth of the country’s territory.
As marinhas de Itália e Rússia estão realizando exercícios militares navais no Mediterrâneo para melhorar a interoperabilidade em operações conjuntas. Chamado de Ioniex, exercício vem ocorrendo regularmente desde 2004.
Russia, Italy Hold Naval Drills in Mediterranean
RIA Novosti – 05/11/2013
Russia and Italy are holding naval drills in the Mediterranean to improve interoperability in joint operations, a spokesman for Russia’s Black Sea Fleet said Tuesday.
A Russian Kashin-class frigate, the Smetlivy, arrived at the Italian port of Taranto on Monday to join the Ioniex-2013 exercise off the Italian coast on November 5-9, Capt. 1st Rank Vyacheslav Trukhachev said.
The frigate is part of Russia’s permanent task force in the eastern Mediterranean, established late last year “to protect Russia’s interests in the region.”
The Italian side is represented by the destroyer Durand de la Penne, the frigate Espero, a submarine and several naval aircraft.
The planning phase of the exercise will continue until November 6, followed by joint training missions in the Ionian Sea on November 7-9, Trukhachev said.
Russia and Italy have been conducting Ioniex drills since 2004 as part of a cooperation program between their navies. The Smetlivy participated in the drills in 2011 and 2012.
A Marinha russa está reunindo no mar Mediterrâneo a maior força naval desde a queda da URSS. O que poderá fazer a força operacional russa em caso de agravamento da situação?
Russia sends more naval ships to Syrian coast
By Gabriela Baczynska
MOSCOW | Fri Sep 6, 2013 10:35am EDT
(Reuters) – Russia is sending more naval vessels to the coast of Syria, state news agencies reported on Friday, in a move Moscow says will help prevent a threatened U.S. attack on its ally President Bashar al-Assad.
The Russian Defence Ministry said in late August it would carry out a routine rotation of its ships off Syria.
But local media said on Friday additional units were also on the way. Interfax news agency quoted an unnamed navy source as saying large landing ship Nikolai Filchenkov was heading for the eastern Mediterranean.
“The vessel will dock in Novorossiysk where it will take special cargo on board and head to the designated area of military service in the eastern Mediterranean,” the source said without giving more details.
RIA news agency quoted an unnamed senior navy source as saying on Friday that the frigate Smetlivy would leave for the Mediterranean on September 12-14 and the corvette Shtil and missile boat Ivanovets would approach Syria at the end of the month.
The Defence Ministry declined to comment on the reports but Deputy Defence Minister Anatoly Antonov said on Thursday the Russian navy currently had a “pretty strong group” there.
“The Russian navy does not intend to take part directly or indirectly in a possible regional conflict,” he told the state Rossiya 24 broadcaster.
“Our navy vessels are a guarantee of stability, guarantee of peace, an attempt to hold back other forces ready to start military action in the region.”
Landing ships Minsk and Novocherkassk and the reconnaissance ship Prirazovye passed through the Bosphorus on September 5. on their way to the Mediterranean and Moscow has also sent missile cruiser Moskva and destroyer Admiral Panteleyev there.
Russia has a small naval facility in the Syrian port of Tartous, its only naval base outside the former Soviet Union.
Western and Arab states seek to oust Assad, and the United States is considering military strikes to punish Damascus for its alleged use of chemical weapons.
Russia, a long-time weapons supplier to Damascus, opposes any U.S. intervention, saying it would lack a mandate from the U.N. Security Council, where Moscow has blocked Western-led attempts to increase pressure on Assad.
The West accuses Russia of protecting Assad and the dispute has overshadowed a G20 summit in St Petersburg this week.
(Editing by Andrew Roche)
Russian Navy to hold biggest war games in decades
RT – 02/01/2012
The four major Russian Navy fleets will hold a joint exercise in late January in the Mediterranean and Black seas. It will be the biggest such event in decades.
Commands for the Northern, Baltic, Black Sea and Pacific fleets have been preparing for the exercises since December of last year, the Russian Defense Ministry has announced. Warships detached for the event are currently sailing to those regions.
“The primary goal of the exercise is to train issues regarding formation of a battle group consisting of troops of different branches outside of the Russian Federation, planning of its deployment and managing a coordinated action of a joint Navy group in accordance with a common plan,” the ministry’s information department explained. (mais…)