Mianmar

Primeiro Boletim de Conjuntura do NERINT


Confira aqui o primeiro Boletim de Conjuntura do Núcleo Brasileiro de Estratégia e Relações Internacionais (NERINT), no qual constam quatro artigos escritos por pesquisadores e pesquisadoras do ISAPE. Entre os assuntos discutidos estão a transição política em Mianmar, as reformas internas na Coreia do Norte, a economia iraniana após o acordo nuclear e as negociações de paz da Síria.

capa boletim nerint

Anúncios

Governo de Htin Kyaw toma posse no Mianmar


Nesta quarta-feira (30/03), tomou posse no Mianmar o primeiro governo civil eleito de forma democrática nos últimos 50 anos. Htin Kyaw recebeu o cargo de presidente do ex-general Thein Sein. Kyaw foi eleito pelo Parlamento, composto em sua maioria por membros da Liga Nacional pela Democracia (LND). A líder da LND, Aung San Suu Kyi, assumiu quatro ministérios: do Exterior, da Educação, da Energia e da Casa Civil.

Foto: A. Shine Oo / AP Photo/ picture-alliance

Aung San Suu Kyi deve assumir quatro ministérios no Mianmar


O presidente recém-eleito do Mianmar, Htin Kyaw, indicou nesta terça-feira (22/03) 18 nomes para ocupar os cargos de ministros de seu governo. Aung San Suu Kyi, líder da Liga Nacional para a Democracia (NLD, em inglês), foi indicada para comandar as pastas de Relações Exteriores, Energia e Educação, além de chefiar o gabinete do presidente. Caso realmente assuma esses postos, Suu Kyi deve abandonar sua posição como membro do Parlamento e líder da NLD.

Htin Kyaw (E) e Aung San Suu Kyi (D) Foto: AP

Mianmar elege primeiro presidente civil em 54 anos


Nesta terça-feira (15/03), o Parlamento do Mianmar elegeu Htin Kyaw como presidente do país, o primeiro civil não designado pelas Forças Armadas desde 1962. O novo líder integra a Liga Nacional para a Democracia (NLD), é aliado de Aung San Suu Kyi e será empossado no primeiro dia de abril. Nas eleições, o novo chefe de Estado superou Henry Van Thio -também membro da NLD- e o tenente-general Mying Swe, que assumirão como vice-presidentes.

Foto: Reuters

China e vizinhos cooperam por maior segurança no rio Mekong


Neste sábado (24/10), após uma reunião ministerial em Pequim, China, Laos, Mianmar e Tailândia fizeram uma declaração estabelecendo metas de cooperação para aumentar a segurança ao longo do rio Mekong, no sudeste asiático. Camboja e Vietnã participaram da reunião como observadores. Um centro de cooperação em aplicação da lei (law enforcement) e cooperação securitária deve ser criado para lidar também com terrorismo e crimes cibernéticos, além de tráfico de pessoas, imigração ilegal e repatriação de refugiados. No futuro, os quatro países pretendem fundar uma organização permanente de cooperação para o Mekong.

rio mekong

Mapa: n.i.

Mianmar assina acordo de paz com 16 grupos rebeldes


O governo de Mianmar assinou na quinta-feira (15/10) um acordo de paz com 16 grupos rebeldes, abrindo caminho para encerrar o conflito que já dura décadas. Estes assinaram cada um um acordo de cessar-fogo em separado com o governo. Sete outros grupos participaram das conversas; porém, não aceitaram a resolução.

Foto: Reuters.

Mianmar pede ajuda internacional para lidar com enchentes


O governo de Mianmar pediu ajuda internacional para lidar com as enchentes, que já afetaram mais de 210 mil pessoas e causou a morte de 46. Quatro áreas do país declararam situação de emergência devido às chuvas intensas que causaram inundações e deslizamentos de terra. A tragédia já destruiu rodovias e impossibilitou o alcance de várias cidades do país.

Foto: Reuters.

Foto: Reuters.

Em rara entrevista, Comandante-em-chefe do Mianmar afirma que Forças Armadas terão papel político após a democratização


Em entrevista inédita realizada pela BBC, o Comandante-em-chefe do Mianmar, Min Aung Hlaing afirma que as Forças Armadas continuarão tendo papel político no país até que a paz seja estabelecida entre os grupos étnicos armados do país. De acordo com o chefe militar, as eleições gerais serão respeitadas mesmo em caso de uma eventual vitória da oposição. O Mianmar vem passando por um processo de democratização após décadas de regime militar.

Foto: Xinhua, U Aung.

Min Aung Hlain. Foto: Xinhua / U Aung.

Parlamento de Mianmar rejeita o fim do poder de veto dos militares


O parlamento de Mianmar rejeitou nesta quarta-feira (25/06) a extinção do poder de veto dos militares sobre mudanças na constituição do país. Embora a maioria dos parlamentares tenha se mostrado a favor da mudança, não se obtiveram os 75% dos votos necessários para a aprovação.

myanmar

Mapa: n.i.

Xi Jinping encontra-se com líder da oposição de Mianmar


Nesta quinta-feira (11/06), Xi Jinping, presidente da China, encontrou-se com Aung San Suu Kyi, líder da Liga Nacional pela Democracia (LND), partido de oposição de Mianmar. Na reunião, Xi pediu que a LND e Suu Kyi tenham um papel construtivo ao guiar o povo mianmarense a respeito das relações China-Mianmar racionalmente e sem preconceitos, valorizando os laços bilaterais entre as duas nações. Mianmar vem passando por um processo de democratização e, com isso, a LND tem se fortalecido no país.

Aung San Suu Kyi e Xi Jinping. Foto: Xinhua / Liu Weibing.

Governo chinês recebe opositora do governo de Mianmar


Líderes chineses receberão a importante opositora do governo de Mianmar e ganhadora do prêmio Nobel da Paz, Aung San Suu Kyi, em sua primeira visita ao país. Ato sinaliza o recente desagrado de Pequim com Naipidau, o qual tem se aproximado dos Estados Unidos no contexto de sua democratização. Esta semana, a China anunciou também um grande exercício militar na fronteira sino-mianmarense.

Foto: Reuters

Foto: Reuters

China anuncia exercício militar na região de fronteira com Mianmar


Devido a situação que se mantém tensa há meses na região de fronteira entre a China e Mianmar, o Ministério da Defesa chinês anunciou a realização no início deste mês de um exercício militar conjunto entre exército e aeronáutica com munição real na região fronteiriça. Recentemente, uma fazenda em território chinês foi vítima de bombardeio por parte de forças mianmarenses, havendo baixas de civis. O analista Ankit Panda afirma que a decisão de realizar um exercício militar com munição real e fechamento do espaço aéreo é uma mensagem para Naipidau não comprometer a Nova Rota da Seda.

Foto: Flickr, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff

Foto: Flickr / Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.

Mianmar pede desculpas à China por bombardeio na fronteira


O governo de Mianmar assumiu responsabilidade e pediu desculpas à China por bomba que caiu em vilarejo chinês na província de Yunnan matando cinco pessoas e ferindo mais oito no último dia 13 de março. Pequim havia condenado imediatamente a força aérea mianmarense, a qual combatia forças rebeldes no norte do país desde fevereiro deste ano. Incialmente, no entanto, o governo de Mianmar punha a culpa nos rebeldes, mas agora já propôs formas de compensação às famílias das vítimas.

Mapa: Al Jazeera.

Mapa: Al Jazeera.

Em Mianmar, governo e rebeldes aceitam plano de cessar-fogo


O governo de Mianmar e grupos de rebeldes concordaram com o texto de um plano de cessar-fogo a ser implementado em todo o território nacional do país. Medida é vista como um grande avanço após 16 meses de negociação e poria fim a décadas de conflito civil em Mianmar. Ainda não se conhece o conteúdo do futuro acordo, o qual deverá ser assinado por mais de 12 grupos armados que vêm lutando contra o governo central. Diplomatas acreditam que rebeldes devem assiná-lo já em abril. As primeiras eleições nacionais após anos de governo militar devem acontecer em novembro deste ano.

Mapa: n.i.

Mapa: n.i.

Mianmar realiza operação militar contra grupo separatista em Kachin


O exército de Mianmar realizou operações militares contra o grupo separatista “Exército da Independência de Kachin” no estado de Kachin no norte do país. A ofensiva foi realizada após o grupo rebelde ter brevemente sequestrado o ministro dos transportes do país. Os intensos combates forçaram centenas de pessoas a fugirem da região.

Mapa: Al Jazeera.

Mapa: Al Jazeera.

Mianmar e o equilíbio entre as grandes potências


Nos últimos tempos, Mianmar vem tentando equilibrar a influência da China e da Índia, barganhando para obter mais investimentos de ambos, especialmente em infraestrutura.

Imagem: ICEC.

Imagem: ICEC.

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O rápido crescimento do comércio entre Índia e ASEAN


Com a mudança do status de Mianmar na região do sudeste asiático, Índia e ASEAN podem passar por um rápido aumento do comércio entre si devido ao potencial das rotas terrestres e às políticas de maior aproximação do recém-eleito Narendra Modi. Entre os setores econômicos indianos com maiores chances de expansão estão o farmacêutico, têxtil e de pedras preciosas.

Docas indianas. Fonte: Reuters / Vivek Prakash.

Foto: Reuters / Vivek Prakash.

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Países interagem com a marinha de Mianmar


Com os avanços nas reformas democratizantes em Mianmar, um maior número de marinhas estrangeiras passou a se engajar com a marinha mianmarense. Japão, Reino Unido e EUA estão entre os países que realizam essa maior interação.

Foto: Official US Navy / Flickr.

Foto: Official US Navy Imagery / Flickr.

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Proliferação de submarinos no sudeste asiático


Os países do sudeste asiático estão tentando aumentar suas frotas de submarinos. Contudo, não há uma corrida armamentista, apenas uma proliferação da tecnologia.

Fonte: Reuters / Edgar Su.

Fonte: Reuters / Edgar Su.

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Ano decisivo para reformas econômicas em Mianmar


2014 será um ano decisivo para as reformas econômicas em curso em Mianmar. Parlamento do país possui atualmente 30 propostas de lei que lidam com a economia do país, incluindo sobre estabelecimento de zonas econômicas especiais, regulamentação da mineração e de investimento externo direto.

Fonte: Reuters / Soe Zeya Tun.

Fonte: Reuters / Soe Zeya Tun.

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O projeto de ligação da Índia a porto em Mianmar


A partir de 2015, projeto conjunto de Índia e Mianmar dará ao extremo leste indiano um acesso ao porto de Sittwe no litoral mianmarense no Golfo de Bengala. Construções iniciaram-se em 2010 e devem ser finalizadas ainda este ano.

Projeto Kaladan. Fonte: Kaladan Movement.

Projeto Kaladan. Fonte: Kaladan Movement.

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Países do sudeste asiático comissionam submarinos convencionais


Quase todos os países do sudeste da Ásia, tais como Indonésia e Vietnã, estão comissionando submarinos convencionais para suas Marinhas. De cinco a dez anos, os mares da região, especialmente o Mar do Sul da China, testemunharão um aumento no número de submarinos em suas águas, tornando-os quase congestionados.

Fonte: Wikimedia Commons.

Fonte: Wikimedia Commons.

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Mianmar concede perdão a prisioneiros políticos


Thein Sein, Presidente de Mianmar, libertou cinco prisioneiros políticos esta semana e mais devem ser libertados na semana que vem. Medida fora prometida ano passado e está relacionada ao processo de democratização por qual o país está passando.

Thein Sein. Fonte: Wikimedia Commons.

Thein Sein. Fonte: Wikimedia Commons.

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China se adapta à nova realidade de Mianmar


Com os avanços democráticos em Mianmar, diversas forças políticas emergiram, obrigando a China a se adaptar em suas relações diplomáticas com o país.

Fonte: Post Jagran.

Fonte: Post Jagran.

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Pode a Indonésia liderar a ASEAN?


Apesar dos enormes recentes sucessos da Associação de Nações do Sudeste Asiático (ASEAN), organização ainda enfrenta muitos problemas em inúmeras áreas, principalmente em como lidar com a ascensão da China e disputas marítimas no Mar da China Meridional. Indonésia poderia cumprir papel de líder para avançar essa agenda regional.

Ministro de relações exteriores da Indonésia. Fonte: Reuters / Ahim Rani.

Ministro de relações exteriores da Indonésia em reunião da ASEAN. Fonte: Reuters / Ahim Rani.

Can Indonesia Lead ASEAN?

The Diplomat – 05/12/2013 – por Brad Nelson

ASEAN is riding high. It recently held a successful summit. Myanmar’s ascension to the leadership mantle is a sign the country is moving in a positive direction, reflecting well on the entire Southeast Asian bloc of countries. Relative to other parts of the world, ASEAN countries are robust economic performers. Indeed, according to the OECD, ASEAN economies are tipped to grow more than five percent over the next five years, with Indonesia leading the way at more than six percent growth. The oft-discussed and much-anticipated ASEAN Economic Community is supposed to come into existence in 2015. An increasingly confident ASEAN has waded into hot-button issues like the maritime disputes in the South and East China Seas. And above all, with all of the attention ASEAN has received from China, the U.S., India and Japan, it has seen its global profile and standing rise markedly.

Still, it isn’t entirely smooth sailing for ASEAN. The regional body has a number of issues it needs to address going forward. It must shrink the development gaps between the most and least economically successful countries within the bloc. It will have to respond to disasters like the deadly typhoon Haiyan, and environmental problems, such as pollution and the haze. ASEAN must find a way to improve its record on human rights. It must do a better job at acting as a troubleshooter on issues like regional maritime disputes. Probably most importantly, ASEAN has to weather the rise of China, which is problematic on a number of levels. Let’s explore the last issue – the rise of China – in more detail.

A dominant, assertive China impacts security relations in Southeast Asia. It has already raised the ire of the Philippines, caused concern in Vietnam, and put the rest of the region on notice. To dampen these prevailing views in ASEAN capitals, China has tried to cozy up to member countries, signing all sorts of cooperative agreements. But the story doesn’t end there. The rise of China has stoked concern in Japan, the U.S. and India, all of which worry about their places within the region. India and Japan have ramped up their military hardwareand budgets. And the U.S., with its so-called pivot, has decided to place more military assets in Asia, particularly in East Asia. Moreover, like China, all three powers have made vigorous attempts to woo ASEAN members.

All of this can have a deeply profound impact on the regional bloc. Great power politics, with the major powers in the region dominating media attention and government agendas throughout Southeast Asia, threatens to relegate ASEAN itself to irrelevance, just a talking workshop for bureaucrats and diplomats. ASEAN has to be careful about being pushed aside, viewed as an afterthought to the key issues and actors in the region. The bloc must also be vigilant about being bullied into submission by much stronger military and economic powers.

Great power politics also raises the chance that ASEAN could get pulled apart and polarized, fractured into competing sides. China already has Cambodia in its back pocket, and, under Xi Jinping, is actively courting the remaining ASEAN countries. The U.S. has the Philippines on its side, has made great strides in wooing Vietnam, and has taken the lead in trying to get Myanmar to lean towards the West. Meanwhile, both China and the U.S. view Indonesia as a giant prize, as both have invested considerable time and attention and resources on Jakarta.

And don’t forget Japan and India. In an effort to find new allies to balance against China, Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe has visited all ten member countries since he returned to office. In particular, Japan has taken steps to strengthen its relations with Vietnam and the Philippines, two countries that, like Japan, have maritime disputes with China. Meantime, with a heavy emphasis on economic, business and cultural ties, ASEAN is the center of India’s “look east” policy. And the ASEAN-India relationship is on an upward swing, being upgraded to a “Strategic Partnership” just last December.

As India, China, Japan and the U.S. pull and stretch ASEAN in all sorts of directions, who or what within ASEAN can help it respond? And how can ASEAN contain the extent of the damage (such as reduced regional cooperation, more regional disagreements, regional hostilities, and a weak and ineffective ASEAN) that results from the four powers attempting to divide the bloc up into parts?

How ASEAN, as an entity, responds to the rise of China, as well as any of the other issues and problems it faces, is in part a function of the makeup of the ASEAN member countries.

As pointed out by Endy Bayuni, an expert on Indonesian affairs, the group’s members are a somewhat motley collection of countries. Indeed, within ASEAN, political systems run the gamut from more or less authoritarianism (Brunei, Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos), forms of semi-democracy (Myanmar, Singapore and Malaysia), struggling democracy (Thailand) to consolidated democracy (the Philippines and Indonesia).

This means the bloc isn’t particularly cohesive. States have different interests and self-identity, all of which bleeds into policy. In this kind of environment, it is hard to agree on matters and get deals done, and when they are sealed, they are usually reactive in nature and scope.

Additionally, ASEAN lacks a major player with the bloc. Instead, what we have are mostly middle powers and developing countries. Some might suggest that having countries roughly on the same plane is a good thing. The downside, though, is that there isn’t a leader to mobilize support and action within the group. As a result, ASEAN is often rudderless, aimless.

Indonesia bills itself as a leader within ASEAN, and it has done some good things. It has been a key dispute mediator within the bloc, as its role in resolving intra-ASEAN disputes at the 2012 ASEAN Ministerial Meeting attests. Its economy powers growth throughout ASEAN countries. Its democracy, while far from perfect, is a model for other ASEAN countries struggling through authoritarianism or democratic transitions. Its commitment to peace and cooperation has helped to create stability in Southeast Asia.

Indonesia has also been a source of interesting foreign policy ideas for the region. Foreign Minister Marty Natalegawa has coined his strategic vision for Southeast Asia and Asia more generally as “dynamic equilibrium.” The term nicely captures how Indonesia and other ASEAN members would like international political relations in Southeast Asia to look and operate: increasingly integrative, cooperative and peaceful.

In a 2010 speech at the Council on Foreign Relations, Natalegawa argued that he sees dynamic equilibrium as “not quite in a classic balance-of-power situation where not one country is preponderant in our region, but in a more holistic and a more hopefully positive sense, in the sense that we don’t wish to see our region dominated by one country, whoever that country is, but we wish to see inclusivity, more countries, the merrier – the more, the merrier; and for countries to be engaged in multisectoral issues, not only security but also political and also environment, economic, social-cultural, et cetera.”

Unfortunately, Indonesia often acts passively and seeks to avoid controversy, within and beyond ASEAN, which means that it doesn’t give ASEAN the kind of steady leadership it needs on tough issues. For instance, it is hard to envision Indonesia standing up to China on its maritime claims and pressing Beijing to begin negotiating in earnest on a code of conduct for the South China Sea. Sure, economic ties with China will inevitably restrain Indonesia’s desire to get tough with Beijing. But beyond that, Indonesia is reluctant to exert the kind of pressure on China that’s needed at times.

Because Indonesia, or any other ASEAN member for that matter, isn’t strong enough or willing enough to defend and advance ASEAN interests and coordinate a unified foreign policy, those jobs inevitably fall to the Chair and the Secretariat. Unfortunately, those aren’t good options. The Secretariat doesn’t have the kind of power needed to break deadlocks and stimulate change. And the Chair, as was the case when Cambodia held the spot in 2012, can be swayed and influenced by outside powers.

If Indonesia wants to be the leader that it thinks that it is – and that the bloc desperately needs – then it needs to step up its game and fill the power vacuum that exists within the bloc. This doesn’t mean that it has to throw its weight around Southeast Asia, or flex its economic or military muscles. Instead, it can take the initiative by proactively putting ideas to solve the host of problems and difficulties that plague ASEAN – both the institution and its member countries – into action and galvanizing domestic and regional support. This requires political will and persuasive skills, attributes compatible with Indonesia’s preference for conflict avoidance, inter-state policy coordination and regional consensus building.

Alas, with Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono’s term in office soon to end and a new parliament ready to take power, change in Indonesia’s role within ASEAN is unlikely to be imminent. It will be up to the next set of leaders to decide whether to take Indonesia in a more proactive direction. Whichever direction they decide for Indonesia, let’s hope they recognize what’s at stake for ASEAN and Indonesia.

Fonte: http://thediplomat.com/2013/12/can-indonesia-lead-asean/?allpages=yes

Mianmar se volta para o Japão e Tailândia para acelerar complexo industrial


Mianmar deve tomar o controle de empresa tailandesa sobre a construção do complexo industrial de Dawei devido à falta de investimentos. País se volta para os governos japonês e tailandês para acelerar a construção daquela que é considerada a mais ambiciosa zona industrial do Sudeste Asiático.

Fonte: Reuters / Khettiya Jittapong.

Fonte: Reuters / Khettiya Jittapong.

Myanmar turns to Japan, Thailand to kick-start stalled Dawei

Reuters – 19/11/2013 – por Jared Ferrie

Myanmar is set to wrest control of its Dawei industrial complex from Thai company Italian Thai Development over its failure to attract investors to a strategically located, multi-billion dollar project tipped as a game-changer for regional trade.

According to two sources involved in the Dawei Special Economic Zone (SEZ), plans have been overhauled to inject foreign capital and expertise to revive what is arguably Southeast Asia’s most ambitious industrial zone – a 250 sq km (100 sq mile) deep-sea port, petrochemical and heavy industry hub on the slim peninsular separating the Pacific and Indian Oceans.

The project’s leader, ITD, and firms it had agreed contracts with, have been told to cease activities at Dawei to undergo due diligence by international auditors to create “better modality”, said a senior Myanmar government official.

The review of a project that was for years stuck in a quagmire could be a significant boost to swelling Japanese industrial interests in the region, which include numerous deals with Myanmar’s pro-business, quasi-civilian government and long established automobile and high-tech manufacturing plants in neighboring Thailand, led by firms like Honda, Toyota, Canon Inc and Toshiba.

The planned complex, which will include a steel mill, refinery and power plant, will be linked by highway to Bangkok and Thailand’s eastern seaboard industrial zone.

That will mean Dawei could serve as an industry and trade gateway to Southeast Asia’s markets, bypassing the Malacca Straits, the world’s busiest shipping lane.

Myanmar would ask for Japanese and Thai government support to appoint companies to carry out a revised plan for the first stage of Dawei, including a small port and access roads, setting up a water supply system and small gas-fired power plant “as quickly as possible”, the government source said, adding it had yet to be agreed which firms would be involved.

The second stage would involve international tenders for the bigger projects, including the deep-sea port, and the building of a bigger power plant, which could be coal-fired.

JUNTA’S DEAL DITCHED?

It had also yet to be determined what role ITD, Thailand’s biggest construction company, would play in a project for which it was granted a 75-year concession under a deal struck in the 1990s with Myanmar’s then military government, which ceded power in 2011.

“We’re trying to figure out a different model where ITD is going to be involved as well as other investors. We’re talking about billions of dollars, how can one company be able to develop all these projects?”, the source said.

A Myanmar delegation was due to meet Thai and Japanese government officials in Bangkok from Wednesday. Thailand’s commerce minister said the gathering would see ITD relieved of its lead role and reimbursed for costs incurred.

“The meeting’s agenda also includes termination of ITD’s contract in terms of the company’s role as Dawei project manager,” the minister, Niwatthamrong Boonsongpaisan, told reporters.

“Myanmar wants to open up this project to other parties and involve international companies and governments in the other phases of Dawei’s construction and wants to ensure the project’s transparency.”

Myanmar’s move on Dawei comes amid a series of liberal economic reforms to attract jobs and investment to one of Asia’s poorest states. A year ago, it asked for Thai support for the project and the government pledged financing from Thai banks, including Bangkok Bank and Siam Commercial Bank.

Investors have expressed reluctance to commit to Dawei because of reservations over the leadership of ITD, which was dealt a blow last year when Max Myanmar, owned by local construction and banking tycoon Zaw Zaw, announced it would divest its 20 percent stake. Myanmar’s government has until now had a hands-off approach to Dawei and ITD has struggled to find private investors.

Despite being hailed by ITD as “the new global gateway of Indochina”, with an estimated $50 billion value within the next decade, the project has been fraught with difficulties from the outset, including finding a power source amid concern about pollution from a proposed 4,000 megawatt coal-fired plant that Myanmar’s government rejected.

A finance industry source in Bangkok with close knowledge of the deal told Reuters ITD would most likely back out of the broader Dawei plan due to a lack of funds but would stay on as the main contractor for infrastructure. ITD officials did not respond to requests for information.

Myanmar’s decision to overhaul the plan follows rapid progress with its 2,400-hectare (5,900-acre) Thilawa economic zone near the biggest city, Yangon, to be run by a Myanmar-Japan joint venture involving Mitsubishi Corp, Marubeni Corp and Sumitomo Corp, with Japanese government support.

Edwin Vanderbruggen, a Yangon-based business lawyer with the law firm of VDB Loi, said the new approach to Dawei would be more efficient and financially secure as big players would be involved, especially those from Japan.

“It’s too large to be a single-purpose, Thailand-oriented project. This is on a Southeast Asia scale so its better to broaden the base,” he said.

“There’s been a lot of progress made. The regulatory framework has changed, the perception of the country has changed. It has improved. Maybe that’s why they want to reboot it.”

Fonte: http://www.reuters.com/article/2013/11/19/us-myanmar-industry-idUSBRE9AI0BP20131119

União Europeia se compromete a construir parceria com Mianmar


Após remoção total das sanções, União Europeia se compromete a construir parceria econômica e política com Mianmar.

EU vows to build economic, political partnership with Myanmar

Xinhua – 15/11/2013

The European Union (EU) has vowed to build economic and political partnership with Myanmar and cooperate in the areas of establishing industries and small and medium enterprises (SME), setting standard on raw materials and developing commercial standard and formulating strategies in such sector as tourist, official media reported Friday.

It was pledged by EU High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy Catherine Ashton, who co- chaired the first day of the first plenary session of EU-Myanmar Task Force in Yangon on Friday.

Ashton is also vice president of the European Commission.

Ashton was quoted as saying that the objectives of the visit of EU representatives of Special Task Force are to support Myanmar’s economic reform and democracy transition process, to enhance development partnership between Myanmar and EU and to boost opportunities for economic growth and development by the two sides.

The EU-Myanmar Task Force was established in March.

Meanwhile, European Commissioner for Development Andris Piebalgs also vowed to reinforce development cooperation in some proposed main sectors with Myanmar from 2014 to 2020, namely rural development, education, governance and support to peace building, saying that EU support could increase up to 120 million U.S. dollars per year.

EU extended a grant aid of 2.7 million U.S. dollars for a three- year project of the Ames for Environmental, Accountability, Responsibility and Transparency (SWITCH-SMART) launched on Thursday in Yangon.

The project promotes and supports sustainable production of garments “Made in Myanmar”, striving to increase the international competitiveness of Small and Medium Enterprises in the sector.

The EU has provided development assistance to Myanmar since 1996 with over 400 million U.S. dollars. Following the political opening of the country, the commission announced a package of support of 200 million dollars for the fiscal year 2012-13 to be spent in the sectors of health and education livelihood.

Fonte: http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/world/2013-11/15/c_132890724.htm

Mianmar liberta mais presos políticos


Foto por: Reuters/Soe Zeya Tun

 Myanmar frees more political prisoners

Reuters / Aung Hla Tun – 12/01/2012

Myanmar freed at least 200 political prisoners on Friday in an amnesty that could embolden the opposition and put pressure on the West to lift sanctions as one of the world’s most reclusive states opens up after half a century of authoritarian rule.

Among those freed are long-persecuted democrats and ethnic leaders whose proven ability to organize and inspire could heap pressure on President Thein Sein to accelerate nascent reforms.

The United States and Europe have said freeing political prisoners is crucial to even considering lifting the economic sanctions that have isolated the former British colony, also known as Burma, and pushed it closer to China during five decades of often-brutal military rule that ended last March.

“The release of all political prisoners is a longstanding demand of the international community and I warmly welcome these releases as a further demonstration of the Burmese government’s commitment to reform,” British Foreign Secretary William Hague said in a statement.

As big as France and Britain combined, Myanmar lies between India, China and Southeast Asia with ports on the Indian Ocean and Andaman Sea, all of which make it an energy security asset for Beijing’s landlocked western provinces and a U.S. priority as President Barack Obama strengthens engagement with Asia. (mais…)

China, Laos Mianmar e Tailândia concordam em ação conjunta para aumentar segurança do Rio Mekong


Mapa: n.i.

China, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand agree to secure Mekong River shipping after deadly boat raid

Xinhua News – 31/10/2011

BEIJING, Oct. 31 (Xinhua) — China, Laos, Myanmar and Thailand on Monday agreed to take joint action to crack down on cross-border crime and secure transportation along the Mekong River, after 13 Chinese sailors were killed in a deadly boat raid earlier this month.

The pledge came out of a one-day law enforcement meeting among senior cabinet members from the four countries. The meeting took place nearly one month after two cargo ships were attacked on Oct. 5, resulting in the murder of 13 Chinese sailors.

The 4,880-km-long Mekong River, a so-called “Golden Channel” linking Cambodia, Vietnam and the four countries, has served as a major trade route for the countries and the China-ASEAN free trade zone. Shipping on the Mekong River has been suspended after the deadly boat attack.

While meeting with delegation heads of the four countries attending the conference on Monday, Zhou Yongkang, a member of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee, called for a thorough investigation into the attack. (mais…)

12 chineses são mortos no Rio Mekong


Foto por: Andy Eames/AP

12 Chinese confirmed dead on Mekong River: FM spokesman

Xinhua News / Yamei Wang – 11/10/2011

China’s Foreign Ministry confirmed on Tuesday that 12 Chinese were killed and one remains missing after two cargo ships, the Hua Ping and Yu Xing 8, were attacked and hijacked by an unknown group of armed men on the Mekong River on Oct. 5.

According to a report from the consulate general in Chiang Mai, the body of another Chinese sailor was found on Oct. 11 with the assistance of Thai police. China and Thailand have maintained close communication and cooperation in handling the incident.

Foreign Ministry spokesman Liu Weimin told a regular press briefing on Oct. 11 that a working group dispatched by Yunnan Province has arrived in Chiang Saen to assist the Chinese embassy in Thailand and consulate general in Chiang Mai in dealing with the aftermath of the incident.

He said that both China and Thailand attach great importance to the incident. The Chinese embassy in Thailand has repeatedly asked the Thai side to make every effort to investigate the incident and inform China of the results, facilitate the investigation and offer necessary assistance to Yunnan’s working group and take action to ensure the safety of Chinese cargo ships and sailors stranded in Chiang Saen. (mais…)