Nesta terça-feira (29/03), a Força Terrestre de Autodefesa do Japão começou a operar uma nova estação de radar na ilha de Yonaguni, no Mar do Leste da China. A estrutura militar fica 100 quilômetros ao leste de Taiwan e 150 quilômetros ao sul das ilhas Senkaku/Diaoyu, disputadas com a China. O novo radar permitirá o monitoramento de atividades no Mar do Leste e a interceptação de comunicações de alta frequência.
A Rússia deve ativar mais três radares de longo alcance de aviso prévio até o fim de 2016, conforme anunciou a imprensa estatal semana passada (12/01). Radares da série Voronezh devem restaurar capacidade defensiva do país contra mísseis balísticos. Além dos novos três anunciados, duas estações de radares estão em construção enquanto quatro estão operacionais.
Os Estados Unidos estão fortalecendo as suas capacidades de interceptação de mísseis balísticos em território japonês através do envio de novo radar para o país. Washington e Tóquio informaram que será um segundo sistema de radar móvel AN/TPY-2 produzido pela empresa Raytheon. Medida é vista com cautela e até mesmo oposição pela China e pela Rússia.
Rússia começou testar radares de defesa aeroespacial visando a Europa projetados para detectar alvos aéreos de alta manobrabilidade, como mísseis e drones, num raio de 3 mil quilômetros, ou seja, cobrindo a maior parte do continente europeu.
Russia Activates Aerospace Defense Radar Aimed at Europe
RIA Novosti – 09/12/2013
Russia has begun testing a new radar designed to detect highly maneuverable aerial targets – including cruise missiles and unmanned aerial vehicles – at a range of up to 3,000 kilometers (over 1,800 miles), allowing it to cover most of Europe.
The new-generation over-the-horizon radar, dubbed Container, was put on trial duty near the town of Kovylkino in Russia’s republic of Mordovia on December 2.
According to Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu, the radar will allow Russia to expand its monitoring range and control over the situation “to the west.”
“I am ordering the commander of the Aerospace Defense Forces [Maj. Gen. Alexander Golovko] and other related command structures to ensure that the new radar becomes fully operational by the end of 2015,” Shoigu said at a Defense Ministry meeting Monday.
The deployed Container radar is part of the 590th separate radio-technical unit, which includes a command post, a transmission and reception antenna and a communications and data-management unit.
Russia is planning to deploy a network of Container-type radars to provide early detection of airborne threats over its entire territory and beyond its borders. Specific dates, the number of radar stations, their location and other details have not been disclosed.
Rússia começou a implantar unidades de defesa aeroespacial no Ártico bem como a construir um radar de alerta antecipado de mísseis no extremo norte do país.
Russia Begins Deployment of Aerospace Defenses in Arctic
RIA Novosti – 28/11/2013
Russia has started the deployment of aerospace defense units in the Arctic and construction of an early missile warning radar in the country’s extreme north, the commander of Aerospace Defense Forces said Thursday.
“The expansion of [missile early warning] radar coverage is one of the key areas of our work, especially when it comes to [Russia’s] extreme north – we have already started the deployment of electronic warfare units in the Arctic,” Maj. Gen. Alexander Golovko said.
Golovko also said construction of an advanced early missile warning radar site has started near the town of Vorkuta, situated just north of the Arctic Circle.
Russia is planning to complete its comprehensive missile early warning network by 2018. Four Voronezh-class radar stations that can easily be relocated are already part of this network.
A Voronezh-DM radar is on combat duty in the Krasnodar Territory and a Voronezh-M radar is in the Leningrad region. The Voronezh-DM radars in the Kaliningrad and Irkutsk regions are in the testing stage of operation.
In addition to the Vorkuta radar, the preparations for construction of new-generation radars are underway in the Krasnoyarsk and the Altai territories, as well as in central Russia (the Orenburg Region), Golovko said.
Voronezh-class radars have an operational range of 6,000 kilometers (3,700 miles). They are more energy-efficient, can be quickly redeployed to a new site and require a smaller crew to operate, compared to previous generation stations.
President Vladimir Putin said Thursday that Russia will put on combat duty seven Voronezh-class radars in the next five years.
The new radars will eventually replace the outdated Dnepr- and Daryal-class radars and close all gaps in radar coverage on Russia’s borders.
Forewarned is forearmed: Russia to set up new radar in Siberia
RT – 08/01/2012
The Russian Ministry of Defense says it will set up a new generation of missile-detecting radar near the Siberian city of Irkutsk by the end of 2012, modernizing its missile detection capabilities in a time of worsening relations with NATO.
The new apparatuses will be one of four Voronezh-type radar systems. Aleksey Zolotukhin, a spokesman for the Missile Defense Troops of the Russian Ministry of Defense, says the new Voronezh radar to be set up near Irkutsk is not complete, but is already being tested. There are already three Voronezh radars – one in in the city of Armavir in southern Russia, one in the village of Lekhtusi near St. Petersburg and one in city of Pionersky in the Kaliningrad Region, Russia’s Baltic exclave. Only the latter two are fully operational, while testing is yet to be completed at the Armavir site.
Zolotukhin said Russia’s radar was very effective, having tracked all 30 launches of Russian and foreign ballistic and space-bound rockets in 2011. He noted that such an impeccable record was largely thanks to the introduction of the new equipment. (mais…)