Sudão

ONU estende missões de paz em Sudão, Mali e Colinas de Golan


Nesta quarta-feira (29/06), de forma unânime, o Conselho de Segurança da ONU estendeu os mandatos de três operações de paz lideradas pela organização no Mali, em Darfur (Sudão) e nas Colinas de Golan. A missão no Mali (MINUSMA) foi expandida por um ano e terá um maior número de tropas e policiais. Já a missão nas Colinas de Golan (UNDOF) foi estendida por apenas seis meses e houve forte condenação do conflito armado sírio nas proximidades. Por fim, a UNAMID, missão de paz em Darfur, no Sudão, foi mantida por mais um ano sem alterações.

Votação no Conselho de Segurança da ONU. Foto: UN Photo / JC McIlwaine. 

Anúncios

Sudão abre fronteiras com o Sudão do Sul


O presidente do Sudão, Omar al-Bashir, ordenou nesta quarta-feira (27/01) a reabertura das fronteiras com o Sudão do Sul, fechadas desde 2011. Medida se deu após o Sudão do Sul recuar suas tropas da fronteira entre os dois países, que ainda possuem disputas territoriais.

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Foto: AFP/ Getty Images.

Arábia Saudita rompe relações diplomáticas com Irã após ataque à embaixada


A Arábia Saudita anunciou, nesta segunda-feira (04/01), o rompimento das relações diplomáticas com o Irã. Medida se deu após iranianos terem atacado, no sábado (02/01), a embaixada saudita em Teerã em protesto contra a execução de um líder xiita por autoridades sauditas. O Sudão e o Bahrein também romperam os laços diplomáticos com o Irã em solidariedade à Riade, enquanto os Emirados Árabes Unidos rebaixaram a representação diplomática em Teerã.

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Foto: Al Jazeera.

Al-Bashir assume novo mandato na presidência do Sudão


O presidente do Sudão, Omar al-Bashir, foi empossado para mais um mandato de cinco anos na presidência do país nesta terça-feira (02/06). Após boicote da oposição à eleição presidencial em abril deste ano, al-Bashir, que lidera o país desde 1989, conseguiu 94% dos votos a seu favor. Em seu discurso de posse, afirmou que será “presidente de todo o povo sudanês, tendo votado em mim ou boicotado as eleições”. Seu tom conciliatório, tanto com a oposição doméstica quanto com países ocidentais, marcou sua fala. Recentemente, o Sudão aproximou-se da Arábia Saudita e atualmente participa da coalizão árabe que está intervindo no Iêmen.

Omar al-Bashir discursando ao parlamento na cerimônia de empossamento. Foto: Abd Raouf / AP.

Egito, Sudão e Etiópia fecham acordo para barragem no Nilo


Egito, Sudão e Etiópia assinaram acordo para a construção de uma barragem no Nilo. O projeto preocupava o Egito pois, caso fosse feito unilateralmente pela Etiópia, poderia reduzir o fluxo de água que escoa para o país. O Primeiro Ministro etíope, Hailemariam Desalegn, garantiu que a construção da barragem não vai trazer maiores consequências aos seus vizinhos. O presidente egípcio, Abdel Fattah el-Sisi, frisou a importância de os países terem unido esforços de maneira cooperativa pelo desenvolvimento.

Foto: AFP

Foto: AFP

As principais eleições da África Subsaariana neste ano


Quinze eleições serão realizadas na África Subsaariana neste ano. O jornal sul-africano Mail & Guardian elaborou um guia sobre cinco das mais importantes, que serão realizadas na Nigéria, Sudão, Burundi, Burkina Faso e República Centro-Africana. Estes países estão passando por conflitos sérios, contabilizando em seus territórios aproximadamente metade das mortes por conflito na África subsaariana no último ano.

Foto: Reuters

Foto: Reuters

África do Sul e Sudão intensificam cooperação bilateral


Em visita oficial ao Sudão, o presidente sul-africano Jacob Zuma afirmou que o país pretende assinar um acordo que avance a cooperação entre os dois países em vários setores. As relações bilaterais evoluíram para relações “ministeriais”, ou seja, ministros dos dois países tratarão dos temas de cooperação diretamente. Além disso, a África do Sul se comprometeu em promover uma solução para o conflito no Sudão do Sul.

O presidente sul-africano, Jacob Zuma. Foto: Sunday Times

O presidente sul-africano, Jacob Zuma.
Foto: Sunday Times

Presidente sudanês comemora “vitória” na Corte Penal Internacional


Após a Corte Penal Internacional arquivar processo sobre crimes cometidos em Darfur, no Sudão, Omar al-Bashir, presidente do país, comemorou a “vitória”. Chamando a Corte de “colonial”, disse que foi uma vitória do povo sudanês contra uma possível humilhação. A Corte concluiu que houve falha da ONU e que seu Conselho de Segurança deve rever sua atitude no conflito.

Foto: AFP

Foto: AFP

Sudão do Sul acusa Sudão e corta escoamento de petróleo


Sudão do sul

Sudão do Sul acusa Sudão e corta escoamento de petróleo

12 de junho de 2013

O presidente do Sudão do Sul cumpriu com seu avisou de 27 de maio deste ano fechando o fluxo de petróleo para o seu vizinho, o Sudão, destinado à exportação, caso o governo mantivesse apoiando a guerrilha no Sul ou na região do Darfur. Ao mesmo tempo, Bashir negou que apoiasse, em contrapartida, as guerrilhas no país do norte.  (mais…)

Sudão e Sudão do Sul chegam em um acordo para reativar o escoamento de petróleo entre os países


Sudão

Foto: n.i.

 

The two Sudans reach deal to resume oil flow

Al Jazeera – 12/03/2013

Sudan and South Sudan have agreed to resume the flow of southern oil exports through pipelines in Sudan within two weeks, more than a year after Juba shut down its entire output.

An African Union mediator announced the deal on Tuesday, which resumes trade between the two countries after South Sudan shut down its 350,000 barrel-per-day output in January last year in a dispute with Khartoum over fees.

The armies of the two countries have also agreed to withdraw troops from contested border areas, in the latest attempt to set up a buffer zone after fighting last year. (mais…)

Sudão diz que suspensão do direito de voto da ONU é “motivado politicamente”


Sudão

Sudan Says Suspension of UN Voting Rights ‘Politically Motivated’

03 de fevereiro de 2013 – All Africa

The Sudanese government is working to resolve the issue of outstanding financial obligations to the United Nations which led to the country losing its voting rights at the world body.

Diplomatic sources told Sudan Tribune that Khartoum is working on coming up with the money and said they expect this to be completed within the week.

Sudan owes $1 million in arrears to the UN but to reinstate its voting rights needs to only pay $347,879. (mais…)

Sudão anuncia surpresa no avanço das negociações sobre segurança


Sudão segurança

Sudan Announces Surprise Breakthrough in Security Talks With Juba

18 de dezembro de 2012 – All Africa

In a surprising turn of events, Sudan has announced a major breakthrough in talks with South Sudan, saying all obstacles facing the implementation of a border security deal they signed in September have been surmounted, but it is not clear whether the two sides managed to break the deadlock over Khartoum’s demands that Juba disarms the rebel Sudan People’s Liberation Movement North (SPLM-N).

According to the official spokesperson of the Sudanese army (SAF), Al-Sawarmi Khalid Sa’ad, members of the Joint Political and Security Committee (JPSM) of the two countries reached a deal at the conclusion of their latest round of talks held in the Ethiopian capital Addis Ababa on Tuesday.

Quoted in a report published by Sudan’s official news agency, SUNA, on Wednesday, Sa’ad said that an agreement of 11 points was reached to overcome all the obstacles that faced the implementation of the eight cooperation agreements signed between the two countries on 27 September.

The deals signed included an agreement to resume South Sudan’s oil exports via Sudan but Khartoum insisted that Juba must first implement the border security deal and sever alleged ties with the SPLM-N which is fighting the Sudanese government in the country’s border regions of South Kordofan and Blue Nile.

Two rounds of JPSM meetings in Juba and Khartoum failed to break the deadlock as South Sudan complained that Khartoum is making impossible demands by asking Juba to disarm SPLM-N which fought as part of South Sudan army before independence. (mais…)

Ataque de Israel em Khartoum mostra seu endurecimento com a África e a relação do Sudão com o Irã


Target Khartoum

Israel’s attack on a Khartoum arms factory highlights its tougher line in Africa and Sudan’s growing ties with Iran

Taken by surprise, Khartoum officials at first offered contradictory explanations for the devastating attack on the El Yarmouk arms factory in Khartoum at around midnight on 23-24 October. After emergency discussions, the regime blamed Israel and complained to the United Nations Security Council. Although Iran and Arab governments condemned the attack, there was little real Arab support and virtually none from elsewhere.

The trigger for the bombing of the El Yarmouk Industrial Complex was an attack on Israel from Gaza using Sudanese-made rockets, a senior Sudanese opposition source claimed. Opposition parties have supporters – and therefore sources – even in government organisations. As always, Israel declined to confirm or deny the attack but one serving official told Africa Confidential that the reason was developments in the Sinai Desert, where Al Qaida and other jihadists had built up bases as Egypt’s former regime under President Mohamed Hosni Mubarak was losing control. (mais…)

Israel é culpada por bobardear Khartoum


Khartoum fire blamed on Israeli bombing

24 de outubro de 2012 – Al Jazeera

Four Israeli aircraft behind attack on factory in Sudan’s capital that left two people dead, a Sudanese minister says.

Sudan has accused Israel of bombing a military arms factory, threatening retaliation after a resulting fire killed two people and injured a third.

“We think Israel did the bombing,” Culture and Information Minister Ahmed Bilal Osman told a news conference.

“We reserve the right to react at a place and time we choose.”

The minister said four “radar-evading” aircraft were involved in the attack, which occurred at about midnight (2100 GMT) on Tuesday at the Yarmouk military manufacturing facility in south Khartoum.

It took troops several hours to contain the blaze.

Evidence pointing to Israel was found among remnants of the explosives, Osman said, adding that the cabinet would hold an urgent meeting at 8:00pm.

Witness reports

Al Jazeera’s Harriet Martin, reporting from Khartoum, said that although no evidence linking Israel to the fire had been made public, concurrent reports suggest there may be some truth in the accusations.

Al Jazeera’s Harriet Martin reports from Khartoum
“There have been numerous reports from eyewitnesses, saying what initially many people thought was a plane passed over, and then there was a big, white explosion,” she said.

“These reports have come from many different sources, and people I know as well.

“And so it does seems something happened before this munitions factory caught on fire.”

Fires flaring across a wide area, with heavy smoke and intermittent flashes of white light bursting above the state-owned factory, were seen from several kilometres away.

“I heard a sound like a plane in the sky, but I didn’t see any light from a plane. Then I heard two explosions, and fire erupted in the compound,” a resident who asked to be identified only as Faize told the AFP news agency.

A woman living south of the compound also reported two initial blasts.

“I saw a plane coming from east to west and I heard explosions and there was a short length of time between the first one and the second one,” she said, asking not to be named.

“Then I saw fire and our neighbour’s house was hit by shrapnel, causing minor damage. The windows of my own house rattled after the second explosion.”

Widespread damage

The sprawling Yarmouk facility is surrounded by barbed wire and set back about two kilometres from the district’s main road, but at least three houses in the neighbourhood had been punctured by shrapnel which left walls and a fence with holes about 20cm in diameter, AFP said.

There was also slight damage to a Coca-Cola warehouse.

Osman said Yarmouk makes “traditional weapons”.

“The attack destroyed part of the compound infrastructure, killed two people inside and injured another who is in serious condition,” he said.

The military and foreign ministry in Israel, which has long accused Khartoum of serving as a base for armed members of the Palestinian group Hamas, told Al Jazeera they had “no comment” regarding the accusation.

US sanctions

In 2009, a convoy carrying weapons in northeastern Sudan was targeted from the air, killing dozens of people.

It was widely believed that Israel carried out the attack on what was supected to be a weapons shipment heading for Palestinian armed groups in the Gaza Strip.

Israel never confirmed or denied that attack. Sudanese parliamentarians denied at the time that weapons were transported in the area.

In 1998, Human Rights Watch said a coalition of opposition groups alleged that Sudan stored chemical weapons for Iraq at the Yarmouk facility but government officials denied the charges.

In August of that year, US cruise missiles struck the Al-Shifa pharmaceutical factory in north Khartoum, which Washington alleged was linked to chemical weapons production.

Evidence for that claim later proved questionable.

Khartoum is seeking the removal of US sanctions imposed in 1997 over alleged support for international terrorism, its human rights record and other concerns.

Fonte:http://www.aljazeera.com/news/africa/2012/10/20121024142531802810.html

Sudan and South Sudan sign landmark deal


Sudan and South Sudan sign landmark deal

27 de setembro de 2012 – AlJazeera

Agreements covering border and oil issues will pave way for South to resume sale of its oil using North’s pipeline.

Sudan and South Sudan have signed a raft of agreements in a deal that paves the way for the South to resume sale of its oil using the North’s pipelines.

The agreements, coming days after marathon negotiations between President Omar al-Bashir of Sudan and his Southern counterpart, Salva Kiir, were signed on Thursday in the Ethiopian capital Addis Ababa.

(mais…)

Acordo provisório de paz traz novo ânimo aos sul-sudaneses


Acordo provisório de paz traz novo ânimo aos sul-sudaneses

25 de setembro de 2012-Agência Brasil/Emerson Penha

Maputo (Moçambique) – Em um clube de Juba, capital do Sudão do Sul, o som alto voltou a entrar pela madrugada. “Os jovens podem, enfim, divertir-se e comemorar a paz”, disse Emmanuel Jal, músico sul-sudanês. Poucos meses atrás, durante a guerra com o Sudão, cenas como essas seriam impossíveis. Mal anoitecia, a população trancava-se em casa, com medo de ataques e da ação de milícias. Emmanuel Jal concorda que a paz foi muito esperada, e as comemorações são mesmo merecidas. No entanto, “ainda é preciso muito esforço pela reconciliação, e é a parte mais difícil”, ressalta.
O acordo de paz provisório estabelecido no mês passado provocou uma onda de alegria poucas vezes vista em um território onde foram travadas sucessivas guerras nos últimos 50 anos. A inauguração de uma estrada que levou anos para ser terminada também teve festa e danças. Agora, é possível sair de automóvel do Norte do país e cortar o território nacional, até atravessar a fronteira de Uganda ou do Quênia. Os quenianos concordaram em permitir o uso de seus portos no Oceano Índico, acordo de importância estratégica para o comércio exterior do Sudão do Sul, que não tem litoral.
A integração com o mundo, que agora se avista em um horizonte possível, abre portas para as mulheres sul-sudanesas no universo da moda. Consideradas as mais altas do mundo, é comum terem mais de 2 metros, e algumas têm feito sucesso em passarelas da Europa. Uma delas é a atual miss Sudão do Sul, Atong Demach, que tem 23 anos e 1 metro e 80 centímetros de altura. Ela já começou a disputar concursos internacionais e foi a africana mais bem colocada no último Miss Mundo. Orgulhosa, diz que “agora, o mundo inteiro pode saber que, no nosso país, as mulheres estão trabalhando para mudar suas comunidades”. (mais…)

Há esperança de acordo no encontro entre o Sudão e o Sudão do Sul


Hopes mount for deal as Sudan, S Sudan meet

24 de setembro de 2012 – Mail&Guardian

Sudan and South Sudan leaders have met as pressure grows to end long-running disputes that have brought the foes to the brink of renewed conflict.

Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir and his Southern counterpart Salva Kiir entered a meeting room for the start of face-to-face talks, after hours of delay as rival delegations sought to bring negotiating positions closer.

The drawn-out talks in the Ethiopian capital began several months before South Sudan split in July 2011 from what was Africa’s biggest nation, following a landslide independence vote after decades of war. (mais…)

A relação entre Sudão e Sudão do Sul pós-Meles Zenawi


The Sudan-South Sudan Relationship after Meles Zenawi

29 de agosto de 2012 – Think African Press

The shockwaves unleashed by the death of long-serving Prime Minister Meles Zenawi of Ethiopia last week have still not subsided. Tens of thousands of Ethiopians have been queuing to salute their leader for the final time in Addis Ababa. The huge international legacy the controversial guerrilla leader turned African statesman has left behind is being discussed ad infinitum in diplomatic circles.

Perhaps nowhere is the demise of Meles triggering greater uncertainty than in Khartoum and Juba, the archenemies still trying to resolve the complex details of South Sudan’s secession. The Ethiopian PM was, both on and off the stage, a key backer of two years of negotiations directly supervised by African Union envoy Thabo Mbeki. No African leader was respected and listened to more by military-Islamist Khartoum and the South Sudan’s ruling Sudan People’s Liberation Army/Movement (SPLA/M) than Meles Zenawi. (mais…)

O acordo sobre o petróleo é um importante passo para o Sudão e o Sudão do Sul


The Sudans’ Oil Agreement: An Important Step on a Long Road Ahead

28 de agosto de 2012 – ThinkAfricaPress

After an unsettling year of failed negotiations, heated disputes, and cross-border violence, Sudan and South Sudan this month came to a landmark agreement over the transit of oil.

Failure between the neighbouring governments to agree on a price for the transport of South Sudanese oil through Sudan eventually led to shutdown of production in January. For two economies heavily dependent on oil, the consequences have been dire. The negotiated breakthrough could therefore have monumental significance for both populations, although there is still far to go and numerous highly contentious issues between Sudan and South Sudan remain unresolved. (mais…)

Presidente do Sudão do Sul diz que Sudão declarou guerra ao seu país


Reuters/Goran Tomasevic

Sudan declared war on our country – South Sudan president

Russia Today – 24/04/2012

The president of South Sudan says attacks by the North amount to a declaration of war on his country. Khartoum and Juba, which became independent last year, remain embroiled in a conflict over sharing oil profits and establishing frontiers.

The president of newly independent South Sudan who’s on a visit to Beijing has told China’s president that attacks by rival Sudan amount to a declaration of war on his country.

Salva Kiir has meet Hu Jintao while lobbying for economic and diplomatic support.

Earlier on Tuesday the official spokesman for the South’s army Philip Aguer also announced that Sudan has effectively declared war.

Auger’s statement came after suspected bombing of his country’s territory by the North.  (mais…)

Sudão mobiliza milícias para combater Sudão do Sul


Foto por: RIA Novosti. Denis Malkov

Khartoum Mobilizes Militia As War With South Nears

RIA Novosti – 28/03/2012

Khartoum has raised four paramilitary brigades of the People’s Defense Force to help the army in fighting against the republic of South Sudan, Khartoum State Governor Abdul-Rahman Al-Khidir said on Wednesday.

“Sudan will not keep silent in the face of attacks by South Sudan,” he said.

“Sudan is ready for war if it has to fight.”

The Sudanese air force carried out a series of airstrikes on oilfields across the border in South Sudan’s Unity state, South Sudan army spokesman Philip Aguer said on Tuesday.

The attack came a day after an armed clash in the border region, leading Sudanese President Omar Hassan al-Bashir to cancel a visit to South Sudan.

South Sudan won independence in July 2011 in a referendum that came as part of a peace deal to end decades of civil war. However, fighting still rages in disputed territory along the border with Sudan. (mais…)

Tribunal Penal Internacional quer prisão do Ministro da Defesa do Sudão


Foto por: Mohamed Nureldin Abdallah/Reuters

Hague court wants Sudan defense minister arrested

Reuters / Gilbert Kreijger, Khaled Abdel Aziz – 01/03/2012

The International Criminal Court issued an arrest warrant on Thursday for Sudanese Defense Minister Abdel Raheem Muhammad Hussein as part of investigations into atrocities in Darfur.

Hussein is the latest of several senior officials in Sudan to be indicted by the court at The Hague. Among others, it is seeking the arrest of President Omar Hassan al-Bashir on charges of orchestrating genocide. All, however, remain at large.

The court said in a statement that there were sufficient grounds to hold Hussein responsible for 20 counts of crimes against humanity, including persecution and rape, and 21 counts of war crimes, including murder and attacks on civilians.

Sudan dismissed the ICC move.

“We are not concerned with the court and the decisions that come out of it. We, like the United States and Russia, are not signatories to the Rome Statute governing the court,” foreign ministry spokesman Al-Obeid Meruh said. (mais…)

Investidores chineses devem ficar mais cautelosos na África


Analysis: Chinese investors to tread more carefully in Africa

Reuters / David Stanway – 24/02/2012

China’s oil and commodities firms are set to tread more carefully in Africa after being stung by kidnappings, seizures of cargo and, most recently, the expulsion of a chief executive.

But they won’t pull back.

If anything, China will broaden its exposure to the region, home to some of the world’s most resource-rich but unstable countries, as it scours the globe for resources needed by the factories and businesses of the world’s fastest-growing economy.

Any major change is instead likely to be in tone rather than intent, with Chinese investors expected to take a less aggressive approach and to increasingly partner with other foreign firms in dangerous and unpredictable markets.

“When Chinese firms started in Africa, it was more driven by the political motivations of top executives of state energy giants,” said a Beijing-based oil executive. (mais…)

Disputa por petróleo no Sudão ameaça frágil paz na fronteira


Foto por: NYT

Disputa por petróleo no Sudão ameaça frágil paz na fronteira

Último Segundo, por New York Times / Jeffrey Gentleman – 22/02/2012

O Sudão e a nação separatista Sudão do Sul vivem no momento uma disputa extremamente perigosa por bilhões de litros de petróleo, apreendendo petroleiros, fechando poços e colocando em risco a frágil paz colocada em prática após décadas de guerra.

A relação entre o Norte e o Sul permaneceu boa durante anos, mas agora uma guerra entre as duas nações tem alimentado o crescimento de grupos rebeldes chegando a resultar em confrontos diretos. A disputada fronteira irregular que separa o Sudão de seu vizinho recentemente considerado independente é agora provavelmente uma das regiões mais perigosas da África, com dois grandes exércitos que lutam entre si há gerações e em ambos os lados da divisa.

Após uma reunião de emergência para evitar um conflito maior, os dois lados concordaram em firmar um pacto de não agressão na sexta-feira, cedendo à intensa pressão da União Africana, dos Estados Unidos e da China – um parceiro na compra de petróleo de ambos os lados – para abandonar as táticas mútuas de destruição.

Mas poucos analistas conseguem enxergar soluções fáceis para acabar com a disputa que é em grande parte provocada pela disputa do petróleo, e não está muito claro como esse novo pacto de não agressão será diferente de pactos de segurança feitos anteriormente que não levaram a lugar nenhum. Em maio, os dois lados concordaram em desmilitarizar a fronteira. Mas poucos dias depois, o Sudão começou um bombardeio ao longo dela, ocasionalmente lançando bombas ao sul, enquanto o Sudão do Sul corria para se armar e enviar os rebeldes aliados para lutar do outro lado da divisa.

A área da fronteira tem sido uma região muito disputada nos últimos anos porque é onde a maior parte do petróleo se encontra. (mais…)

A disputa do petróleo no Sudão/Sudão do Sul


Clique para aumentar. Imagem por: STRATFOR

 

Sudan-South Sudan Oil Dispute

Strafor – 21/02/2012

The South Sudanese government on Jan. 22 ordered the halt of all oil production in the country reportedly due to the ongoing disagreement between South Sudan and Sudan over revenues from oil originating in the south but exported via Sudan. In response to the shutdown, Sudanese forces seized control over two oil blocks in South Sudan’s northeastern state of Upper Nile on Feb. 13, according to the government in Juba. South Sudan has six producing oil blocks that total about 350,000 barrels per day, divided into two groups based on their geographic locations. Blocks 1, 2, 4 and 5A, located near the western border oil terminal city of Abyei — which still has not yet determined whether it will be part of Sudan or South Sudan — produce Nile blend oil. Blocks 3 and 7, the two now allegedly seized by Sudan, produce the more valuable Dar blend. All of this oil is exported to the north via two pipelines that meet in Khartoum. The south has neither the military strength nor political capital to challenge Sudan’s seizure of its wells, but Khartoum is unlikely to attempt to capture the oil blocks south of Abyei. Aside from having a currently more valuable oil blend, the location of blocks 3 and 7 in Upper Nile state — which borders Sudan on three sides — is geographically easy to access for Sudanese forces. These forces would face increased opposition, including from U.N. peacekeepers, if they attempted to seize the other blocks. (mais…)

ONU: 120.000 pessoas em situação de emergência por causa das lutas entre grupos rivais no Sudão do Sul


Foto por: Reuters/Hereward Holland

 U.N. says 120,000 in South Sudan need aid after fighting

Reuters / Hereward Holland – 20/01/2012

Tribal fighting in South Sudan has left 120,000 people in need of emergency food aid, twice the previous estimate, the United Nations said on Friday.

The organization was in a race against time to reach people displaced by fighting between the Lou Nuer and Murle tribes in Jonglei state, said U.N. humanitarian coordinator for South Sudan Lise Grande.

The fighting, in which women and children have been targeted, has escalated following tit-for-tat raids to steal cattle. In late December, 6,000 armed Lou Nuer tribesmen attacked the main Murle town of Pibor, killing as many as 2,000 people, according to local authorities.

The United Nations, which says the death toll is likely to be much lower, initially said around 60,000 people needed food aid after fleeing into surrounding bush and seeing many of their grain stores destroyed.

But Grande told a news conference in the South Sudanese capital Juba that the humanitarian situation in Jonglei – an area the size of Bangladesh – was worsening as a result of continued fighting, including attacks on health facilities.

“Only two weeks ago we launched a massive emergency operation to help 60,000 people. As a result of recent attacks, we now estimate that double that number will need help,” Grande said in a statement. (mais…)

Sudão afirma que acordo sobre petróleo com o sul só virá depois de resolvidas questões de segurança


Sudan says oil deal with south depends on security

Reuters / Ulf Laessing, Alexander Dziadosz – 18/01/2012

Sudan will continue to take a share of oil from South Sudan to compensate for what it calls unpaid transit fees and said an oil deal was unlikely without an agreement on border and security issues, its foreign minister said on Wednesday.

South Sudan became Africa’s newest nation in July under a 2005 peace deal that ended decades of civil war between north and south, but many issues remain unresolved, including oil, debt and violence on both sides of the poorly-defined border.

Tensions escalated last week when Khartoum said it had started confiscating oil from landlocked South Sudan, which exports its crude through Sudan’s pipelines to a port on the Red Sea.

Sudan’s economy has been badly hit by the loss of two-thirds of oil production to the South, and the country is under pressure to ease the hardships of people already exhausted by years of conflict, inflation and a U.S. trade embargo.

The two sides were meant to conclude an oil agreement that would see them sharing revenues, with the south paying fees to export its oil through the north.

The African Union is sponsoring talks between the two countries this week, but Sudanese Foreign Minister Ali Ahmed Karti dampened hopes of a quick deal, rejecting the south’s criticism of its move as “childish.” (mais…)

Mais de 3.000 são mortos em massacres no Sudão do Sul


Foto por: AFP/UN, Isaac Billy

‘Over 3,000’ killed in South Sudan massacre

AFP – 06/12/2012

Over 3,000 people were killed in South Sudan in brutal massacres last week in an explosion of ethnic violence that forced tens of thousands to flee, the top local official said on Friday.

“There have been mass killings, a massacre,” said Joshua Konyi, commissioner for Pibor county in Jonglei state.

“We have been out counting the bodies, and we calculate so far that 2,182 women and children were killed and 959 men died.”

United Nations and South Sudanese army officials have yet to confirm the death tolls and the claims from the remote region could not be independently verified.

If confirmed, the killings of 3,141 people would be the worst outbreak of ethnic violence ever seen in the fledgling nation, which split from Sudan in July. (mais…)

Refugiados dos conflitos no Sudão do Sul já somam 50.000


Thousands flee South Sudan tribal conflict

Al Jazeera – 03/02/2012

Tens of thousands of villagers in South Sudan are hiding in the bush, waiting for United Nations and government troops to stop a tribal conflict, which officials fear may have left scores of people dead over the weekend.

Armed youths from the Lou Nuer tribe marched on the remote town of Pibor in Jonglei state, home to the rival Murle people, who they blame for cattle raiding.

On Tuesday morning, the government claimed that the South Sudanese army was in “full control” of Pibor, and that Lou Nuer tribesmen were vacating it.

“Pibor is under the full control of the government, and the Lou Nuer have been ordered to return to their homes, and they are starting to do so,” Barnaba Marial Benjamin, the country’s information minister, said. (mais…)

Sudão do Sul: novo país, enormes desafios – Artigo


Sudão do Sul: novo país, enormes desafios

Lucas Kerr Oliveira, Igor Castellano Silva
Revista Meridiano 47
O presente artigo aborda a independência do Sudão do Sul e os desafios envolvidos no atual processo de construção do Estado. Dentre as dificuldades, ressalta-se a pobreza, as deficiências de infraestrutura e da economia nacional, problemas de segurança pública e disputas por petróleo que envolvem atores globais e locais.